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Research on R&D Internationalization of Electronic and Communication Equipment Manufacturing Enterprises

Author: ZhangHong
Tutor: WangDaoPing
School: Hunan University
Course: Management Science and Engineering
Keywords: R&D internationalization Electronic and communication equipmentmanufacturing enterprises Technological standard Technologicalefficiency Evolutionary game Management mechanism
CLC: F273.1
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 257
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Abstract


R&D Internationalization refers to R&D resources and activities across the national borders, involving overseas R&D activities of host countries and those of foreign invested enterprises in host countries. As life cycles of technological innovations and applications have been increasingly shortened, the investment risk for R&D is getting higher, the support of economic internationalization is strengthened, and modern information and network technology is widely used, the R&D internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises has been rapidly developed. Due to these aspects, the R&D internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises has aroused extensive research interest in the international academic circle. The electronic and communication equipment manufacturing is one of the strategic industry of China’s national economy. As new markets emerge and the Third Generation telecommunication industry expands, China’s electronic and communication equipment manufacturing has, since1990s, advanced rapidly, with its added value ranking No.1among the28manufacturing industries, and its output value accounting for15percent of China’s GDP. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the internationalization of the R&D in implementing globalization strategies and promoting the competitiveness of China’s players in electronic and communication equipment manufacturing. Focusing on the R&D internationalization, the dissertation takes electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises as subjects with an interdisciplinary approach. It studies the motivations of the R&D internationalization, the organizational structures and their choice, the evaluation, efficiency measuring, and their management in a systematic way, analyzes and discusses the research findings and the R&D internationalization experience, and makes a series of policy suggestions. The key components of research as follows:In the first place, the dissertation attempts to define the concept and the connotation of the internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises. On that basis, the dissertation analyses the tendencies and suggests the external motivation of the internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises. Then the dissertation proceeds with a questionnaire for an empirical research on external motivations of the internationalization of China’s electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises. The research findings on motivations in the order of significance are keeping track of and acquiring relevant technologies, utilizing global R&D resources, enhancing technological competitiveness, seek absent R&D resources, making and spreading technological standards, achieving scope economy, saving R&D time, avoiding risks, and evading trade barriers.Secondly, the dissertation studies the organization structures of the internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises. It classifies5types of organizations and3organization models, points out that electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises need to select types and models of organization corresponding to the factors, such as their costs, technology secrecy, core competitiveness, and the level of research and technological development in host country, their development strategies, their own economic and technological strength, their R&D efficiency, the degree of globalization of their enterprises. Then the degree of the internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises, and the technological efficiency of the R&D of and influence factors are evaluated. The improved ranking method is adopted to evaluate the enterprises in terms of the4categories of R&D investment, R&D institute type, R&D activity, and output internationalization, constructs the index system for evaluating the degree of internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises, and evaluates the degree of internationalization of wholly foreign owned, equity joint venture and contractual joint venture of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises according to their panel data. At the same time, this dissertation uses DEA methodology to measure the technological efficiency. It uses the physical capital, human capital and R&D capital of ploughed in by electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises for R&D internationalization to regress on the technological efficiency effects. With sample data of the wholly foreign owned, equity joint venture, and contractual joint venture of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises, an empirical study is conducted to analyze the technological efficiency and the influence factors. The results show that China’s electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises input for and output from R&D internationalization are increasing year by year, but the technological efficiency is not increasing every year. The above three factors have both positive and negative effects on technological efficiency. Thirdly, the dissertation discusses the management mechanism of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises from three aspects:the location selection, human resources management mechanism, and multi-national R&D strategic coalition based on evolutionary game. For overseas R&D location selection, the dissertation proposes three models:market seeking model, technology seeking model, and resources seeking model. For human resources management, it suggests implementing human resources localization strategy, strengthening staff training, establishing fair performance evaluation system, maintaining motivation to elite staff, respecting staff and strengthening staff’s identification with the enterprise. Concerning multi-national R&D strategic coalition management, the dissertation constructs an evolutionary game model to reveal the coalition evolution features, and points out, on the basis of the game model results, that electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises should seek the long-term goals, reduce excess return, increase net profit for the R&D coalition parties and seek to introduce an industry standard that are sure to be extensively welcomed by the market to consolidate the foundation for the coalition. At the same time, the dissertation proposes that the enterprises in the coalition should select their cooperation strategies in accordance with their own technological advantages and the cooperation prospects for their R&D cooperation and arrange their own R&D activities in terms of the first order condition for the maximization of the R&D net profit.Finally, the dissertation makes a case study of Ericsson, an electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprise who has actively and fruitfully participated in R&D internationalization. This dissertation explores its R&D internationalization, summarizes its successful experience and validates the conclusions on R&D internationalization of electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises put forward in this dissertation. In the end, the dissertation concludes with the revelations and policy suggestions on the development of China’s electronic and communication equipment manufacturing enterprises’ R&D internationalization.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Enterprise economy > Production management > Enterprise Technology Management
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