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The Analysis on Trade Effects of China’s Outwaed Foreign Direct Investment

Author: ChenJuHua
Tutor: HuangZhiYong
School: Nanjing University of Finance and Economics
Course: Finance
Keywords: Outward FDI Trade Policy Variable Gravity Model
CLC: F832.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 130
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since opening up to the outside world, China has actively joined the process ofintegration to globalization and implements outward FDI policy development andChinese firms’ globalization strategies. Especially in encouraging foreign investmentin, our country has made great achievements and become one of the largest recipientsof foreign direct investment. At the same time, China’s foreign direct investment hasmade rapid development. However, it should be noted that China’s outward FDI hasgreat gap comparing with developed countries. Moreover, our country paying moreattention to attracting foreign investment than encouraging native firm’s to go abroad,it can lead some serious problem in the long term. Therefore, to promote the healthyand rapid development of economy we should shed light on China’s outward FDIpolicy development and balance the use of capital outflow and inflow. Finally, inrecent years changes in global economy and tariff or non-tariff barriers affect ourforeign trade,especially in export-based industries. Consequently, we must exploitforeign markets with high passion and take outward FDI policy to make good use ofthe world market. Generally speaking, our country should promote native companiesto invest abroad and more importantly understand the relationship between outwardFDI and trade.Due to our investment in difference countries, our paper studies the influence ofinvestment on bilateral trade. For this purpose, we use gravity model and add policyvariable into the model according to the characteristic of China’s foreign directinvestment. the estimation results show as follow: first, the relationship betweenoutward FDI and trade change in different countries, then policy variable producesopposite impact on trade as indirect effect, that to say if government give morefreedom to companies, more companies can go abroad and then increase trade, at thesame time the investment’s indirect effect on trade exceeds the direct effect.According to the survey, the complexity of relationship between outward FDI andtrade relate to the diversity of investment motive and industry features and tradestructure. Therefore, government must take characteristic of countries into accountwhen guiding and pay more attention on absorbing FDI to improve the productivityand the level of technology.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, banking > China's financial,banking > Exchange rate,foreign financial relations
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