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Sino-US trade imbalance problem in the international political horizon

Author: WangBin
Tutor: XieHaiRong
School: University of Electronic Science and Technology
Course: International political
Keywords: the Sino-us trade RMB exchange intellectual property right
CLC: F752.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 71
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The China is the biggest developing nation in the world. The USA is the biggest developed nation in the world. So the bilateral relationship is one of the most important relationships in the world now. The total volumes of bilateral Trade increased from 0.99 billion dollars in 1979 to 302.08 billion in 2008 since the China and American established the office foreign relations in 1979.The trade transformed from single to diversity, the scale of trade expanded to emerging industrial such as airplane, high-tech, and energy. Meanwhile, The US has became the second trade partner, the first export market and the sixth import origin place of China; At the same time, the China has became the third trade partner, the fourth export market and the second import origin place of US. During thirty years, The Sino-us trade relation which has maintained good growth and play the role of the holders between China and USA.The China has already substituted of Japan to become the biggest trade deficit nation of USA in 2005.According to the statistics of the china customs, The total trade volume between China and US has come up 302.08 billion dollars .Among, The china has exported to US 232.7 billion and import from US 69.38 billion, The trade surplus has come up 163.32 billion in 2007.The total trade volume between China and US has come up 333.74 billion dollars .Among, The china has exported to US 252.3 billion and import from US 81.44 billion, The trade surplus has come up 170.86 billion in 2008.The total trade volume between China and US has come up 333.74 billion dollars .Among, The china has exported to US 252.3 billion and import from US 81.44 billion, The trade surplus has come up 170.86 billion in 2009.The trade deficit of the US increased in Sino-us trade, The trade imbalance is increasingly outstanding and serious not only affect the Sino-us relationships, but also cause a lot of troubles and conflicts, such as RMB exchange issue, intellectual property issue, Anti-investigation and countervailing issue, market economy status issue and so on. The democracy party won in 2008 US general election and the black Obama became the new president of the US when the US trapped deeply in the economic crisis. The president Obama who promised to increase the employment and income of the people of the US accused of the imbalance of the Sino-us trade to lead the unemployment of American workers. the US 111th congress pass more than 20 bills against the Sino-us trade, including prescription drugs bill, foods security bill, children tools bill and so on, has affected seriously the development of bilateral trade. The imbalance of the Sino-us trade has became the focus the senior officers between China and American discussed.The article utilizes following research techniques: investigation and analyst, Horizontal and vertical integration of the school. beginning with history and status of the imbalance of the Sino-US trade, It analysts the reasons of the generation and expansion of imbalance of the Sino-us trade from different angles such as economic and political elements and discusses relative issues, such as RMB exchange issue, intellectual property issue, Anti-investigation and countervailing issue, market economy status issue and so on. It gives some suggestions and countermeasures against the problems base on analysis and deduction. The paper altogether divided into five parts all together. The first part is introduction, which mainly elaborates in the question of trade imbalance, domestic and foreign present research situation and research goals as well as the significant of research focusing on the reality values and theory values. The second part illustrates the history and status of the Sino-us trade and focus the status of imbalance of the Sino-us trade. The third part analysts the imbalance of the Sino-us trade, relative issues comprehensively and clarify the reasons from both political and economy aspects. The fourth part gives some suggestions and countermeasures against the imbalance of the Sino-US trade.

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CLC: > Economic > Trade and Economic > States foreign trade > China's foreign trade > Trade relations with other countries
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