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An Study on the Impact of FDI on Resident Income Gap of China

Author: LiuLanYong
Tutor: BinJianCheng
School: Jiangxi University of Finance
Course: World economy
Keywords: FDI The income gap Gini coefficient Theil index The coefficient of variation
CLC: F124.7;F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 97
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the reform and opening up in 1978, the use of foreign direct investment in China has made tremendous achievements. In 1980, China approved the first foreign-invested enterprises in China, opened a prelude to the use of foreign direct investment in China. According to the data released by the World Investment Report 1995, 1993, China has become the world's second largest after the United States use of the country of the foreign direct investment in developing countries first. In 2002, China and even surpassed the United States to become the world's largest country of the foreign capital. Foreign direct investment has become an important reason for China's economic growth. However, along with the rapid development of China's use of foreign investment and another significant phenomenon prominent Income Gap in China is rapidly expanding. According to data released by the World Bank, in 1995, the Gini coefficient in China has more than 0.4 in recent years is the trend of widening further. This article is on the basis of the above facts observed by the theoretical and empirical analysis to study FDI Income Gap in China. This study can help us understand the relationship between FDI and income gap and the formulation of the government's policy of building a socialist harmonious society, can provide some reference for later researchers. According to the internal logic of relations, can be divided into the following five parts: the first part of that Chapter I: Introduction. This chapter focuses on the the article research background and the significance of the topic, then conducted a systematic review and comment on theory and literature. The second part of the second chapter, Analysis. First, the concept of FDI and income gap is defined, followed by analysis of the changes and the status quo of China's use of FDI and residents' income gap. Draw in the rapid expansion of the scale of China's use of FDI, but in different regions and absorption of FDI in the industry are very different, FDI is mainly distributed in China's eastern regions and industries, especially the manufacturing sector; residents overall income inequality in China and structural The income gap has emerged as a rising trend. The third part of the third chapter, the theoretical analysis. This chapter begins by mathematical model derived the mathematical expression of the host country residents' income gap under the open economy and closed economy compared both cases derive the impact of the introduction of FDI on the host country, the income gap derived theoretical implications : FDI in the short term will pull large host the income gap, but in the long term is likely to ease the income gap of the host country's situation, that FDI with the host country, the income gap between showing the inverted-U relationship. Followed by analysis of the three main transmission mechanism - the effect of the structure of employment, the effect of industrial structure and foreign trade effects of FDI impact on the host country residents' income gap. The fourth part of the fourth chapter, for the empirical analysis. This section built in the consolidated results of previous studies based on an econometric model including multiple explanatory variables and use this unified model and empirical analysis of regional income gap between China's urban-rural income gap, and industry income gap. Draw an inverted U-shaped impact of FDI on China's urban-rural income gap will pull big of regional income gap, but the income gap narrowed our industry; government expenditure and education will narrow the income gap in China to improve the unemployment rate will increase our the income gap, funded income gap in China is not obvious. Part V of Chapter V: countermeasures part. This chapter concludes the paper's main conclusions based on the proposed To prevent vigorously the introduction of FDI, while Income Gap in China continue to expand the countermeasures and suggestions, including the boot FDI in the distribution of the balance of urban and rural, regional and industry, to implement a proactive fiscal expenditure policy accelerate economic development and income distribution policy, to reduce the unemployment rate and other policy measures.

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