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The Regional Differentiation Research of the Performance of Collective Forest Right System Reforming in China

Author: ChengLin
Tutor: WangAiMin
School: Agricultural University of Hebei
Course: Forestry Economics and Management
Keywords: Collective forest rights Reform of the system The analysis of theperformance Regional differentiation
CLC: F326.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 1
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Abstract


At present, the national collective forest right system reform and the implementationof the policy process is not consistent. Traditional collective forestry provinces such asFujian and Jiangxi provinces across the country take the lead to reform, and accumulatedsome successful experience. Forestry economy is relatively developed provinces such asZhejiang and Liaoning provinces will follow. Some other provinces in the reform processis relatively slow. After the forest right reform, farmers become the forest land of the mainoperators. Among households investment behavior and the operation effect due to differentregional business environment, resources, quality etc have great differences, so as to makethe performance differences of different parts of the forest right reform. In this paper, onthe basis of predecessors’ research achievements through literature research, comparativeanalysis, data statistics, and the combination of quantitative and qualitative analysismethod, from the economic, social and ecological aspects of select indicators, further thereform of collective forest rights in China different regional differentiation of performanceevaluation, analysis and research, and from the natural conditions, economic developmentand social environment aspects analyzes the important factors influencing performancedifferentiation. Finally aiming at different parts of the collective forest rights reform policyoptimization is put forward Suggestions and countermeasures, for our country reform ofcollective forest rights guarantees smoothly.This article based on the theory of institutional change theory and property rightstheory, using the mathematical statistics, literature research and comparative analysismethod, analyzes the different parts of the performance of collective forest rights reform,and its influence factors are discussed in this paper. The research results showed thatduring the reform of collective forest rights, the southern collective forest region economicbenefit is remarkable, and as a representative of the pilot reform earlier into the reform ofthe northern region of Liaoning province economic benefit is evident, but represented byHubei and Henan since reform of the economic benefits of the central area is not obvious;For reform in various areas reflect the social benefits is roughly same, peasant householdsgenerally reflect increased forestry tenure reform of forest rights disputes mediation efforts,and ease the tension of relationship, and mountain forest ownership dispute before the reform, with a certain improvement; Ecological aspects, the effectiveness of the reform ofeach region is not ideal, due to historical reasons of the policy change frequently andoperators to forecast uncertainty leads to larger changes during the reform of forestryproduction, at the beginning of the reform of forest resources in the serious situation. Tofurther deepen and perfect the forest right reform, the government needs to be done include:adjust the forestry tax policy, to establish a long-term mechanism of the compensation offorestry production and improve the cutting quota policy, the forestry socialization servicesystem of forestry resource property rights transfer system, to establish and promote theforest insurance system, create the forestry financing system, establishing the forest assetassessment system, etc. Based on this, different regions should be according to their owncharacteristics to take measures conducive to the development of its own: the southerncollective forest region should further consolidate the reform of the economic performance,at the same time pay attention to its ecological construction, to ensure in good ecologicalenvironment; Central regions should seek a new path to improve the operation efficiencyof forestry reform, at the same time focus on ecological and public welfare forestconstruction and management; Northern region on the basis of the guarantee number offorest, improve the quality of forestry, prevent the phenomenon of remake light armor, andoptimize the industrial structure, thus promotes the utilization of forestry resources. TheInnovation of the article is the comparative analysis of the performance of the reform ofcollective forest rights and the analysis of influencing factors.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Agricultural sector economy > Forestry
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