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Town agricultural structure adjustment of status, problems and Countermeasures

Author: ChenBin
Tutor: HuYuFu; XueGuoXiang
School: Sichuan Agricultural University
Course: Utilization of Agricultural Resources
Keywords: Fu Yan town Agricultural industry structural adjustment Countermeasure
CLC: F327
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 41
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In the21st century, our country agriculture has entered a new stage, the further development of agriculture must rely on scientific and technological progress, the strength of the large agricultural structure adjustment, take the industrialization, sustainable development road. Moreover, as the most extensive mountainous area in si chuan province the landforms types, there are generally large population density, the land area is small, the first industry development is relatively slow, away from the town center, but the ecological resources are rich, the characteristics of various land use types. The mountain agricultural structure changes, to carry out rational mountainous countryside industrial structure adjustment, to speed up the economic development of rural and mountainous areas, narrow the gap between the urban and rural economy has practical and far-reaching significance. This article chooses is located in the western of Si Chuan Nan shan downtown and ping shan county extension as a research area the blessing. Through investigation and analysis, explore mountain towns agricultural industry development with the practical problems, try to find the factors restricting agricultural industry development, the paper puts forward the reasonable countermeasures and suggestions.This paper first to the domestic and foreign agricultural adjustment of industrial structure is summarized, the lessons from the domestic and foreign agricultural structure adjustment of successful experience, and at the same time,through the questionnaire survey and related information query, according to ping shan county and fu yan town of agricultural structure analysis in the current situation. This paper studies the results are as follows:(1)The study area in a traditional agricultural industry the main planting for the Lord; Planting industry accounting for the agricultural industry of economic output as high as60%above, followed by the animal husbandry industry,29%, forestry and fisheries proportion of the relatively small. The planting industry is ordinary food crops to give priority to, accounted for more than50%of planting crops and fruit trees, tea, Chinese traditional medicine economic crops area is relatively low; The animal husbandry industry, to the traditional pigs, cow, sheep, chickens, breeding give priority to, its value accounts for more than70%of the output value of breeding, characteristic cultivation low proportion, just below25%. From2000to2010, blessing in the town of delay agricultural structure change, the output value of planting industry of agricultural output value ratio from67.81%down to63.88%, the proportion of livestock and poultry breeding by28.57%. But the traditional food-pig type agriculture industry structure, has not been changed fundamentally.(2)The present study area of agricultural structure adjustment the problems mainly has:the agriculture industry structure of fu yan is unreasonable, this agricultural output (agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery), more than50%; Planting structure is unreasonable, food crop planting area of total sown area above60%; Agriculture product product type too onefold, fu yan town gives priority to potato, corn, fruit three categories of crop planting, its production is big, but value is small; The industrialized operation of agriculture level is not high, the agricultural industry link chain is short, the less low added value, agricultural economic benefits should not improve,it cause that farmers have no increase of income; Agricultural industrial marketization and socialized service hysteresis, reflected in the government’s propaganda, policy guidance, provide market information and the corresponding socialized service too.(3)The analysis results show that the comparative benefits low agriculture, farmers labor quality is bad, the economy lower income, the industrial structure adjustment risk avoidance system is not complete, the study area is restricted to adjust the agricultural structure main factors. From rural labor quality respect, farmers are weakly consciousness of science and technology, the junior middle school culture of close to90%, diploma and above basic no; From the age of structure look, mean age46.88years in,46years old or above proportion is about65%; The economic income from farmers to see, in random survey of300farmers, in per capita net income of less than$5000of the whole households farmers over70%of the total, in per capita net income of farmers higher than7000yuan only nine households, and only3%, farmers’ economic foundation is bad, to the agricultural industry structure adjustment input is limited.From industry adjust risk avoidance system perspective, the whole town basic no corresponding adjustment of industrial structure avoid service system; In addition, the agricultural science and technology promotion system is not perfect, science and technology service does not reach the designated position, the government the support strength is not enough and so on is also restricted the agricultural industry adjust of important factor.(4)According to the agriculture industry structure problem, this paper putting forward the key in the regulation of the future is:to strengthen the government policy propaganda dynamics; To strengthen the agricultural structure adjustment overall planning; Adjust and optimization the agricultural industry structure; Animal products to build characteristics; Accelerating the industrialized operation of agriculture; making agricultural socialization service system more perfected.

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