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The Fiscal Policy Applied to Cope with the Financial Crisis

Author: WeiZuo
Tutor: ZhangWenCai
School: Institute of Fiscal Science
Course: Finance
Keywords: financial crisis sovereign debt crisis fiscal policy the resolution offinancial crisis
CLC: F812.0
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 1
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Only about ten years into the21st century, there have been two financial crises causing the collapse of the financial system and the global economic recession:the global crisis triggered by the subprime mortgage crisis since2008and the sovereign debt crisis since2010. The global financial crisis since2008is an important incentive for the sovereign debt crisis since2010. A fact reflected particularly in these two financial crises, is that fiscal policy is a common means of financial crisis management and in the core position in the crisis rescue measures. Since the nature of crisis differs from one another, there are significant differences between fiscal policies in these two crises. In the global financial crisis since2008, fiscal policy is mainly based on expansionary fiscal policy to stimulate the real economy and fiscal means to rescue financial institutions. In the sovereign debt crisis, fiscal policy is based on contractionary fiscal policy. Currently, the financial industry is at a critical transition period in our country. With the progressive liberalization of capital account and interest rate as well as the internationalization of RMB, the impact from international market, the inmaturity of market mechanism and relatively weak system of financial supervision will greatly enhance the possibility of the outbreak of financial crisis. In fair weather prepare for foul. The research draws lessons from policy measures which were applied to tackle the financial crisis, especially the fiscal policy. This helps increasing the level of fiscal policy to cope with the financial crisis.The purport of this article is studying the content, function evaluation and improvement of the fiscal policy which was implemented in the two different financial crises. The article starts from the theoretical study of the relationship between government and market, then summarizes the fiscal policies adopted by different countries under these two financial crises. It also evaluates the positive effects, inadequacies and improvements of fiscal policy. Eventually, the article puts forward constructive suggestions about the trend of fiscal policy which is applied to cope with financial crisis in our country.In addition to the introduction, this article is elaborated by four parts. The second chapter reviews the viewpoints of different schools on the relationship between government and market, then defines the conception and policy arrangements of the fiscal policy which is applied to govern financial crisis. The third chapter summarizes fiscal policies which were implemented by different countries to cope with the global financial crisis since2008and the sovereign debt crisis since2010. Then the fourth chapter evaluates the role that fiscal policy played in the fight against the financial crisis from both positive and negative aspects. The fifth chapter discusses the enlightenment of fiscal policy which was implemented by the western developed countries to cope with these two crises, and puts forward recommendations on the fiscal policy which can be applied to our country.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, the state's financial > China's financial > Principle of policy and its elaborate
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