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Investigation on Health Status, the Demand and Utilization of Health Service of Military Personnel in in Tibet and South of Yunnan

Author: DuJingJing
Tutor: ZhangBuZhen
School: Third Military Medical University
Course: Public Health
Keywords: military personnel mental health influencing factors prevention and treatment Tibet and south of Yunnan
CLC: R82
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 13
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Objective Under the socialist economy marketing environment, to investigation thedemand and utilization on health services of the military especially the grass-roots armyperson can provide objective basis and scientific decision of macro-management formilitary health work. Based on survey the health status, demand and utilization of militarypersonnel in Tibet and south of Yunnan, this paper discusses the function of medicine teamsand center hospital to on those situations and found how to promote the demand andutilization, the quality of health and military health.Method It is to investigation the health status and effect facts of military person inTibet and South of Yunnan through questionnaire and interview.550male militarypersonnel with a mean age of24.35years in Lhasa and Gangba area were investigatedusing questionnaires survey from September to October in the year of2010by random andgroup sampling method.544were effective with an effective rate of98.91%among550collected questionnaires.412male military personnel with a mean age of24.39years insouth of Yunnan were investigated according the X%proportion to extraction X forces andthen using cluster sampling survey from October2011to February2012.387were effectivewith an effective rate of93.90%among412collected questionnaires.The questionnaireincluding the following content: Demographic characteristics, ordinary life habits, twoweeks sick situation, medical service satisfaction survey, and the most recent year chronicillnesses, etc, in order to analysis influence military health service need and the use factor.Result Two weeks prevalence rates reflect the intensity of disease effectively,36.4%in Tibet and39.8%in south of Yunnan is higher than18.9%of the country residents in2008.In Tibet,the respiratory system and the skeleton-muscular system in the two weeks diseaseoccupies the most percentage. The detectable rate of chronic diseases in officers and soldiers were58.5%. The respiratory system and the autoimmune systems system in thechronic illness disease occupy the most percentage (23.2%and22.5%, respectively). Insouth of Yunnan,Lumbar muscle strain and lumbar disc herniation in the two weeks diseaseoccupies the most percentage. The detectable rate of chronic diseases in officers andsoldiers were48.84%. Lumbar muscle strain and lumbar disc herniation in the chronicillness disease occupy the most percentage (46.03%and13.76%, respectively). Non-visitrate within two weeks47.00%in Tibet and41.56%in south of Yunnan,among thenon—visitor,the major cause is they felt their illness is light and they Can pull through byself-treatment.Conclusion There is no difference in soldiers health level between Tibet and southyunnan,and both are in good level, but relatively lower than the general population.Self-test physical health of Tibetan soldiers is the respiratory system and gastrointestinaldiseases, while a strain of lumbar muscles and lumbar disease in south yunnan region.Effects of Plateau environment is complex in the physiological and psychological, strategyof the common diseases and frequently-occurring disease of is not perfect, we need to makein-depth understanding and research according to the particularity of different parts of theofficers and soldiers, in order to improve the level of soldiers health to a certain extent. Themany related medical support measures taken according to the actual situation around, but itis not perfect enough and is not definite pertinence according to the results of the survey.Inthe aspect of medical support, to put forward the scientific and effective measures toguarantee the plateau soldiers health and raise their comprehensive combat troops.

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