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The Research of the Colleges and Universities Fixed Assets Management Based on PLM

Author: LiuJianXia
Tutor: LiuJinLan
School: Tianjin University
Course: Management Science and Engineering
Keywords: Universities and Colleges Fixed Assets Product Life-cycle Management
CLC: G647.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 246
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the fast development of higher education project in our country, the scale of higher education is growing larger every day, especially the frequent merge and adjustment between universities and colleges recently, the total amount of fixed assets in universities and colleges are expanding, which bring up a new requirement to the fixed assets management in universities and colleges.Product Life-cycle Management (PLM) is developed from the Product Data Management (PDM) method. It can be described as such an idea: the management of a product through its total life-cycle (produced, used and scrapped). Combing with the working experience of the author, this idea is borrowed here and is used to study the problems in the fixed assets management in universities and colleges. The creative points of this paper are:Firstly, the PLM concept is introduced to the fixed assets management in universities and colleges. The fixed assets are classified by a treelike diagram, and the fixed assets management is divided into three sub stages: buying in, using and management, scrapping. Then, a fixed assets management object in universities and colleges is presented, and a necessary, ordinary workflow is established.Secondly, a primary study is carried on the buying in-stage. A new replying procedure is established and an improvement of the tendering and bidding procedure is presented in this paper. Also, an AHP decision-making technique is suggested to the high-quality precision equipment’s tendering and bidding procedure.Thirdly, during the using and management-stage, rational proposal is given on the following four aspects: the strength of management system, new management mode, cost-benefit evaluation system, financial accounting system. Problems such as e-book’s property nature, fixed asset’s subsequent expenditure and checking are also studied and discussed here.Finally, suitable allocation mechanism and large equipment’s scrapping and auction mechanism are introduced in the scrapping-stage. Also, rational proposal is presented on the supervision of disposal revenue.This research has an important implication to the fixed assets management in universities and colleges. The problems exist in the fixed assets management can be better solved by the method introduced here. It will make the resource in universities and colleges achieve a rational allocation, ensure the resources’integration and avoid the loss of fixed assets. It will also service the researching and teaching in universities and colleges better, effectively regulate the fixed assets management procedure and heightens the management effect.

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