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Research on Public Culture Service Policy in China

Author: WangHeYun
Tutor: WangLieSheng
School: China Academy of Art
Course: Art
Keywords: Culture Rights Service-oriented Government Public CultureService Cultural Policy
CLC: G120
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 60
Quote: 0
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Abstract


This thesis, on the basis of the current public culture service practice in China, probes into the overall framework and detailed approach of related policies on Chinese public culture service by analyzing the necessity of public culture service with theories of legal science, public policy, management and public economy.Firstly, it analyzes the theoretical and practical basis of public culture service, explores the meaning of cultural rights by tracing the deveopment of rights and human rights, and clarifies the government measures to be taken for the protection of cultural rights. Besides, it examinesthe logical relationship between government function transformation and public culture services with public goods theory, and concludes that public culture service is an effective means to protect the basic cultural rights and interests of citizens and to build service-oriented government. On this basis, it studies the connotation, characteristics, subject matter and supply form of public culture service.This thesis looks at public culture services from both broad and narrow sense. In the narrow sense, public culture service includes the protection of cultural heritage, museums and other cultural facilities and services, radio and television facilities and services, cultural financing, training, security service of vulnerable groups, etc. Public cultural services are featuring public nature, public welfare, equity, fundamentality, ideology and convenience. According to basic theory on the provision of public goods, in view of China’s national conditions, the thesis advances that defferent subbject matter paly deffrent role, the Government should assume a leading role in the public culture service as the organizer, financier and regulator, while nonprofit cultural institutions should act as the backbone and direct providers of public cultural services. Meanwhile, enterprises should act as the complement of public culture services with competitive advantages, while community and citizens, the main participators. Public culture services in China should adhere to integrated supply mode of Government guidance, full mobilization of social forces to participate, exertion of positive role of the market.Subsequently, it reviews the work carried out by our country’s public culture service in detail, in which substantial progress has been made in constantly improved public culture facilities network, smooth implementation of projects in the interest of the public, and rich major social and cupublic, and rich major social and cultural activities. Meanwhile, there are still problems in this regard such as low supply of inputs, imbalanced supply of public resources among urban and rural areas, insufficient service level, low-participation rate of social forces. In view of the current status of public culture service, with reference to the useful experience of other countries, the thesis analyzes the overall framework and the principles of China’s public culture service policy, and put forwards its different classification methods according to effectiveness levels, role, content and other criterions. Classified by contents, it should include public financial support policy, operational policy of public culture facilities construction, mobilization of social force participation, and favorable policy of resources distribution equity, needs feedback mechanism and policy performance assessment, etc. Besides, the principles of fair and justice, maximized efficiency, operability, democracy and transparency should be followed. Finally, the details of the various policies are analyzed and corresponding suggestions are put forward。

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > The world culture and culture > China > Principle of policy and its elaborate
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