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Study on Government Support for the Development of Cultural Industrial Cluster in Anhui Province

Author: ChengXiaZhen
Tutor: JiangChangLiu
School: Anhui University
Course: Political Economics
Keywords: Anhui Province Cultural Industrial Clusters Goverment Support Transaction Cost
CLC: G124
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 28
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Law of development of existing industries shows that only depending on the government’" scientific guidance, the development of industry cluster can optimize the allocation of resources and enhance competitive capabilities. As a kind of new form of the cultural industry, the cluster development of cultural industry also needs to follow the law of industry development and government effective support in order to expand scale, enhance strength and thus promote regional industrial structure upgrading, sound and fast development of regional economy. In fact, including Anhui, local governments is also sparing no effort to strengthen support for the development of cultural industrial clusters. Because of this, it is very necessary to study the government support of the development of cultural industrial clusters.This article attempted abundant cultural resources but economic less-developed Anhui Province as the research object, and mainly focused on four key issues. First of all, based on the transaction cost theory, theory basis of the local government support t.:e development of cultural industry clusters was explored. Secondly, this article refined the experience and enlightenment from domestic and foreign government supports the development of cultural industry clusters. Thirdly, based on a local government perspective, this article built the general framework of the government support to promote the development of cultural industry clusters. Finally, focusing on Anhui Province, this article analyzed whether the existing government support can meet the needs of cultural industrial clusters development, and put forward some countermeasures of perfecting the system of government support to promote the development of cultural industry clusters in Anhui Province.As a kind of industrial space organization, cultural industrial clusters was made up of cultural enterprises, creative talent and related support institutions gathering together. Viewed from the driving factors, cultural industry clusters was divided into market-oriented culture industrial cluster and government-driven culture industrial cluster.But as far as economic less-developed areas were concerned, government-driven culture industrial cluster might be more advantage. Based on transaction cost theory, this article pointed out that the essence of cultural industry clusters is a kind of institutional arrangement to reduce the transaction cost. But the effectiveness of this system arrangement was for conditions of the resource shared, system perfected and network sounded, culture industry cluster itself cannot fully satisfy these conditions, thus needs to rely on external government forces, through the public culture goods investment, culture management systems innovation, and culture market environment perfection etc, to promote cultural industrial cluster more effectively to reduce transaction cost.On the development experiences from Los Angeles film industry clusters, London theatre industry clusters and Seoul online game industry clusters, the government support culture industry clusters focused on system innovation, public goods investment and market environment optimization, etc. From the development of culture industry clusters in Beijing, Shanghai and Hunan province, the government support mainly reflected in the planning guide and financing support, industrial layout and industrial park construction, multiple-platform building and system and mechanism innovation, etc. The status of culture industry clusters development in Anhui province have five characteristics:culture industry scale growing constantly, cultural industry agglomeration degree increasing continuously, traditional culture industry cluster and emerging culture industry cluster going hand in hand, cultural industry park (base) agglomeration function appearing constantly, the influence of culture industry clusters expanding continuously. The motivation of cultural industry clusters development in Anhui province came mainly from four aspects,namely, containing abundant cultural resources, increasing public investment every year, continuous innovation of the system and mechanism, and continuous improvement of the market system. Hierarchical clustering analysis showed that the cultural industry cluster in Anhui Province has formed the spatial pattern of "one nuclear three districts", a special focus on Hefei, integrated with Yangzi River city belt, culture area in the south of Anhui and city cluster in the north of Anhui.On the basis of relevant experience of government support cultural industry clusters at home and abroad for reference, then depending on the status and motivation of cultural industry clusters development in Anhui province, this article attempted from the perspective of a local government, to build the general framework on the government support promoting the development of cultural industrial clusters. In this framework, separately from public investment, system innovation and market completion, this article carefully combed government support measures for the development of cultural industrial clusters in Anhui Province since2003; and respectively used the method of factor analysis and questionnaire analysis to analyze the government support effect of culture industrial clusters development in Anhui Province. The results showed that the effect of government support the cultural industrial clusters development in Anhui Province is less obvious. There are three major defects, inadequate public cultural inputs and uneven development of regional culture; culture management system innovation underpowered and reform dividend releasing slowly down, cultural market cultivating lag and the culture industry value chain incomplete,etc.Anhui Province should emphatically from three aspects perfect government support systems for the development of cultural industrial clusters. Firstly, from the layer of the system innovation, Anhui Province should deepen reform of cultural institutions and strengthen local cultural industry legal protection to further promote innovation of culture management system and mechanism, fully play to the guiding role of government planning, strive to build a number of local cultural industry Parks, focus on strengthening the support for four dominant cultural industrial clusters and further optimize space layout of cultural industrial clusters. Secondly, from the layer of the public input, Anhui Province should strengthen the investment and construction of public cultural infrastructure, strengthen the development and utilization of public service platform, based on Huizhou culture resources to build the support system of public cultural services. Finally, from the layer of the market perfect, Anhui Province should foster a diverse culture market subjects through cultivating key cultural enterprises, supporting the small-micro cultural enterprises and playing the role of intermediary institutions; and further improve the construction of cultural factors such as capital and talent market, in order to provide endless driving force for the development of cultural industrial clusters in Anhui Province.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > The world culture and culture > China > Cultural industries, cultural market
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