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Control Cabinet System in Ming Dynasty and Imperial Power

Author: YuJiangTai
Tutor: XiaZeXiang
School: Shandong Normal University
Course: Legal History
Keywords: cabinet system imperial power authority restriction
CLC: K248
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 7
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The Ming Dynasty cabinet system is the key part of the central mechanism. Itoriginated from the dynasty, founded in the Ming emperor, perfect, changes in themiddle and late Ming Dynasty, has been implemented to the downfall of the Mingdynasty. To the Ming Dynasty feudal autocracy has reached to the summit, theconstitutional and political words, is the high concentration of power. The need forstrengthening the autocratic monarchy abolished the prime minister system, thusleading to a serious imbalance in the central central administrative system. In order toconsolidate the rule of the feudal bureaucratic system and perfect, the cabinet began torise and gradually to the Ming Dynasty political stage a play a decisive role power. Fromthe cabinet scholar involved in the central decision-making, so the cabinet in thenational power system operation also has a certain degree of decision-making power,malignant expansion but it also could not restrain the imperial power, and the imperialpower is to reach the peak of perfection degree in the Ming dynasty. The creation of the"private Chen" country "cabinet", is the concentrated expression of the national systemof this periodDiscusses the relationship of imperial power in Ming Dynasty cabinet system infour aspects from the creation of the cabinet, the cabinet system and improve themechanism of evolution, evolution and duty relationship, the cabinet system and theimperial power and the characteristics of the cabinet system of the Ming Dynasty and itsinfluence on the imperial.The first part, is mainly to the establishment of the cabinet system. Separately fromthe bud of cabinet system, several stages of the establishment and development of thecabinet system, is described in detail. Briefly introduces a shift the power by right to theMing Dynasty cabinet power. The central imperial power is more concentrated aperformance.The second part, the most important is a description of the institutional evolutionand its responsibilities. The two part including cabinet institution evolution and cabinet power. Focus on the analysis of a scope of the cabinet, and a restriction of imperialpower. Including "Xiantikefou","Feng Chen admonish","check questions outs","draftreview" four aspects. Especially the "draft review" of imperial power constraints ofmaximum.The third part, introduces the evolution of interaction between the cabinet systemand imperial power, respectively, from the cabinet, the cabinet of imperial powerdependency constraints of imperial power, the cabinet and the imperial power of theMing Dynasty in three aspects the dynamic relationship between different historicalstages. Emphasizes the cabinet system must be attached to the imperial power, butalso has certain restriction on the imperial power. Transformation in different historicalstages and the Imperial Cabinet right in a certain extent.The fourth part, the key and difficult points in both the paper and paper. This partbased on summarized the characteristic of the cabinet system, the lack of stability, lackof independence, lack of legitimacy, lack of institutional. It summarized the cabinet ofthe imperial power, and its important position in the politics of the Ming Dynasty.In theconclusion part, the contents of the text are general situation, pointed out the unsolvedproblems.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Feudal society ( 475 BC - AD 1840 ) > Sui and Tang period ( 581 ~ 1840 ) > (1368 to 1663 )
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