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Research on the Historical Experience of Popularization of Marxism (1919-1949)

Author: ShaoXinShun
Tutor: YangQian
School: Nankai University
Course: History of Marxism Development
Keywords: New Democratic Revolution Popularization of Marxism Mao Zedong Thought Historical Experience
CLC: D231
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 97
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Abstract


On the17th National Congress of the CPC President Hu Jintao presented that weare supposed to make every effort to carry out theoretical innovation and giveMarxism of contemporary China distinct characters of practice, featuring with ethniccharacteristics and characteristics of the times. And we will publicize the theories ofsocialism with Chinese characteristics, and take Marxism of contemporary China tothe popularization of Marxism. In this process the topic of the popularization ofMarxism was presented for the first appearance, however the practice ofpopularization of Marxism was started in the early period of the founding of theCommunist Party of China. Consequently doing researches on the historicalexperience of the popularization of Marxism from1919to1949are of great referencevalue for advancing the popularization of Marxism in contemporary China.The correct understanding of the essential meaning of popularization of Marxismis the foundation of doing research on this problem. The popularization of Marxism isan issue on political socialization in nature, the scientific nature, revolutionary natureand the affinity to the people which are on the basis of the practice of Marxismwhether can be realized is the measurement criteria on the Marxism whether can berealized by members of society in the process of political practice. The popularizationof Marxism means that the Marxist political party is supposed to make more andmore people to understand and master the views and ideas of the thoughts ofMarxism via all kinds of education, publicity, demonstrations, institutions andauthorities, and make the people approve and support the political domination of theproletariat, political institutions and political order, acknowledge that the socialismwhich has been constructed and led by Chinese Communist Party, and make thepeople acknowledge, support and carry out the outlines, routes, guiding principles,behavior standards and moral requirements made by the proletariat, and try to turn thesocial criterions of institutionalization, policy realization and ethical principlerealization into self-conscious behaviors and the internal order of the society in thepractice to formulate the point views and methodology of Marxism to consolidate theauthority of the proletariat. The popularization of Marxism to some extent is thepolitical socialization of ideology of socialism and communism.In chapter3, the revolutionary theme of human emancipation in Marxism hasbeen the theme of our era of Chinese people as the foundation of the extensivetransmission that the Marxism is in China; the writing mode of using the vernacularChinese instead of the classical Chinese asserted by the May fourth new culturemovement is the linguistic premise of extensive transmission that the Marxist theorytext is in China; making Marxism narrated in western language translated into theMarxism of Chinese expression that can be easily understood is the precondition of the nationalization of popularization of Marxism. Subsequently the dissertationdiscusses that how Marxism can be very widely shared by the intellectual circles andtheory circle. Marxism was introduced into China by the reformers of the landlordclass, the bourgeois reformists and anarchists, and then had been widely shared inChina till the victory of the October Revolution in Russia. Then Marxism wasaccepted by the advanced intellectuals in China after May fourth movement whoeventually set up Chinese Communist Party. The Marxists in China formed themainstream of historical materialism in different kinds of trend of thoughts after thedemonstrations of social developments and changes. Historical materialismestablished its mainstream position in the process of criticizing different kinds ofreactionary philosophical ideologies and showed its scientific nature of Marxismperspective of the world. The social science movement which was guided bydialectical materialism and historical materialism and the establishment of thephilosophical social science made the scientific methodology penetrating theintelligentsia of China.Chapter4discusses how Marxism can be realized by Chinese Communist Partyand its army from the perspective of the guiding ideology and theoretical foundation.During the New Democratic Revolutionary Period,the Chinese Communists who represented by Mao Zedong were putting the Marxism stand, viewpoints and methods to the actual state of the Chinese revolution, forming the first great theoretical achievement of sinicization of Marxism, Mao Zedong Thought. The result of the popularizationof Mao Zedong Thought is the victory of New Democracy Revolution.Marxism inChina was not formed naturally and natively especially in the period of newdemocratic revolution. Marxist theoretical education for the members of the party andpeople is a regular work. Advancing the education of nationalization of Marxism viaagainst different kinds of wrong thoughts is the main content and the education ofnationalization of Marxism is the central content. It is important to oppose and rejectall kinds of trend of thoughts against Marxism for the purpose of keeping the status ofMarxism. Army is a military group of accomplishing political tasks of proletariatparty and has to be led by the party while sticking on democracy and politicaldirection of serving the people wholeheartedly. Keeping the nature of proletariat classand sticking on the communist ideals, serving the people wholeheartedly reallydepend on the political work which is systematic and powerful.Chapter5discusses the people led by Chinese Communist Party took part in theanti-imperialist and anti-feudal revolutionary struggle. Chinese Communist Party usesall kinds of methods to make politics arouses to the people in the process of armedrevolution which was regarding country as center, sticking on the historicalmaterialism that the masses of the people are the creator of the history and put thepolitical rights, economical rights and cultural rights on the first place. Especially thepolicies which centered upon the land problem increased the enthusiasm of the people on class struggling. The party attached great importance to the cultural front Marxistideology of penetration to awaken people to the class struggle and classconsciousness of new and better life described as the revolution literaturedevelopment content during the war of resistance against Japan formed the base to theliberation of the vocal literature, promoting the socialization of the Marxist ideology.Chapter6concludes the historical experience of popularization of Marxism from1919to1949. This dissertation argues that Marxism, CCP and socialism are thetrinity and closely related. The scientific nature, revolutionary nature of Marxism andthe affinity to the people are the external power of popularization of Marxism, thefundamental principle of Marxism is the basic content of popularization of Marxismand the Marxist sanitizations of Marxism and The Times of Marxism is the reality ofthe content and Marxist stand viewpoint and the methods of Marxism are the essentialcontent of popularization of Marxism. In our daily life the practice of the party’soutlines principles is the fundamental way of popularization of Marxism, theideological and political education is in the process of the popularization of Marxismis the basic method. The party’s political practice effects on the popularization ofMarxism are inner powers, and whether can improving the vital interests of thepeople of the popularization of Marxism is the basic power. Therefore, to enhance theparty’s ruling position legitimacy is the necessary premise of popularization ofMarxism; Keeping the party’s advanced nature is the basic guarantee ofpopularization of Marxism, and strengthening the party’s political construction andideological style construction is the main body of popularization of Marxism.Chapter7puts forward some suggestions from the perspective of specificoptional level on promoting the popularization of Marxism of contemporary China asthe conclusion

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CLC: > Political, legal > Communist Party of China > Party > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 )
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