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Analysis on the Path of Deliberative Democracy and Rural Governance in China

Author: YangShengLi
Tutor: YuGuoBin
School: Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
Course: Marxism in China
Keywords: Rural Governance deliberative democracy Path Selection
CLC: D621
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 242
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Abstract


The development of Rural Democracy is not only an important component of the measure of democracy, But also to analyze and observe the intuitive entry point for the future of democracy in China Rural governance as partl of the national governance is an important means to promote the Democratic process in China.It contains two levels of meaning. First, How to manage China’s countryside. Second, The Chinese village how to achieve self-management, In order to achieve the healthy development of the rural society. Rural Governance in China after60years of development, The joint efforts of countries to actively promote and grassroots, Made a lot of progress to reduce the national grassroots governance worries, But also the release of the growth of grassroots democracy space. However, with the in-depth development of the reform and opening up, The rural areas are facing a crisis of governance, The township government lags behind the increase of rural public interest led to the villagers more pursuit of the decision-making transparency the pure village elections is difficult to achieve rural governance, Also solve the problems of rural governance, It is necessary to seek new governance theory.Since the founding of political consultation system under the force of the Communist Party of China and the Western countries since the1980s, The rise of deliberative democracy theory provides a theoretical basis to solve this problem. Deliberative Democracy is a new kind of Democratic discourse mode is a new form of governance. Deliberative democracy theory based on multivariate differentiation of society, Advocating citizens in the process of consultation and discussion, Through discussion,, dialogue, Debate and consideration of the form, Put forward a variety of information or reason, To persuade others to change their value in the process of discussion preferences.Citizens through participation in public decision-making discussions, The exercise of political rights, And to express their demands, Giving the legislative and decision-making to the political legitimacy of a process, System and mode. Help rural governance optimization theory of deliberative democracy, which is mainly reflected in the following aspects:First, Deliberative democracy to achieve democracy in the village-level management, The party and the government in the formulation of rural policy, Through a variety of systems and mechanisms, to grasp the reality in rural. The master farmers need to make major policy decisions are based on the basis of democratic and scientific. Second, Deliberative Democracy to ease rural contradiction, provides a relaxed political environment for building a harmonious society, Harmonious countryside. Finally, The negotiation process, The process of discussing the communication also open to the public. Participants express their views publicly questioned their own doubts, listen to other people’s point of view, This will help the participants to master all the relevant information, And other people’s views and reasons to learn the benefits of others, Appropriate to reflect on their own point of view and realize their the change of the value preferences. The possibility of policy formation for the government, Direct access to high-quality information, information face-to-face, To avoid the emergence of public and government information asymmetry, Public process to prevent the decision-makers "secret operations" favor the policy of democratization, Openness and transparency.The eighteen major report that deliberative democracy and improve the socialist system, And to constantly improve the system and working mechanism of deliberative democracy, Political consultation into the decision-making process, And give full play to the role of consultation, adhere to the political consultation throughout the decision-making before and decision-making, And promote deliberative democracy to the multi-layered, institutionalized, more extensive level development, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of deliberative democracy.In rural governance, should realize the villagers "self-management, self-service, self-education, self-monitoring" protection of villagers’ self-government should strengthen its rules of procedure consultation, broaden the scope of the consultations and the rich in the form of consultations and content, According to the law to protect people the exercise of their democratic rights.It can be seen. To achieve the further development of rural governance, Rural Governance of deliberative democracy steering on the need to promote the establishment of multifaceted cooperation, An interactive platform of democratic consultation mechanism to promote grassroots political power and the positive interaction of villagers’ self-government organizations and ultimately makes the Chinese village towards the road of democratic governance.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Political system and national institutions > Political system
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