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Influence of political polarization phenomenon America and its foreign policy

Author: WangZiYun
Tutor: ZhangMinQian
School: Institute of International Relations
Course: International relations
Keywords: American politics Political polarization Foreign policy decisions
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Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 7
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Abstract


The so-called "political polarization", and not a precise definition. It probably means: theparties of the United States due to the increasing difference between the ideological level, the twoparties "ER" is more and more obvious, and thus the divergence of views on political issues is alsogrowing. Not only America’s political polarization at the elite level, is also reflected in the masslevel, the most obvious manifestation is the geographical distribution of the supporters of a party’sshowing red and blue states opposition. The political polarization of American political life isreflected in many ways, Congress vote, policy development, social and cultural thought. Thispaper explores the impact of the political polarization of American foreign policy.Political polarization in the United States is not a new phenomenon. After the birth of the partysystem, the differences become more evident in the two parties, three serious polarization periodin the history of the United States. Respectively, during the Civil War, the turn of the century,during the New Deal. After World War II into the1960s, the polarization is improved. However,since the parliamentary reform in the1970s, the polarization of American politics (the mosttypical of which political party polarization) appears again, and its increasing influence onpolitical life in the United States after the1990s the end of the Cold War, the rapid increase of thedegree of political polarization, from Bush to Obama are intended to ease the bipartisancontradiction. But in fact, the degree of political polarization but worse.This paper argues that the new changes of the internal and external environment after the ColdWar led to further deepen the political polarization. While the polarization of the underlyingcauses are the following (1) or70years after emerging voters restructuring, resulting ininternalization of the political parties to strengthen.(2), the American electoral system has led toan increase in the security zone in the Congress.(3) the differences of the two parties in thetraditional moral and social issues deepened.The intensification of political polarization would be the development of American public policyimpact, its impact in the form of mainly occupy the Congress party is setting the agenda of thePresident to take a "uncooperative" attitude, blocking and delay the presidential power to useagainst set given bill.Political polarization for the foreign policy decisions, and the formulation of public policy. ToCongress the use of the veto power the president to overturn the veto. Veto power, the Congress touse their hands to "pocketbook power" and the right to review. Elected three representativeexamples to explore the influence of polarization on U.S. foreign policy making: the Iraq warfunding, during the Clinton administration’s foreign aid in Congress to give the review of China’sMFN status.American political polarization, the United States have long begun to pay attention and be areflection. Although the trend of the U.S. political polarization, a temporary relief, but long-termpoint of view, this article serious political polarization can not long exist. Compared with theinternal influence, political polarization is relatively small impact on the foreign policy decisions.Finally, that the polarization is an objective law of any political party system countries are boundto appear. Any country can try to avoid, but should face this issue.

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