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Study on the correlation between higher education investment and rural family pension

Author: ShenZuo
Tutor: ZhangShuHui
School: Shaanxi Normal University
Course: Social Security
Keywords: human capital investment of education rural family security correlation
CLC: G649.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 66
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Abstract


Along with the speeding of population aging,the endowment problem become more serious,at the same time, the endowment problem in rural is the core question that need to settle.Although as the change of family formation and social endowment insurance developed better and better,the new-type rural social pension insurance policy was put into effect,the rural endowment problem has improved to some excent, The dominant position of rural family security gradually delined, the new-type rural social pension insurance still exists some questions,such as low subsidy, financing system is imperfection,pension is hard to maintain and increase value,the farmer has no enough confidence in the effect of the new-type rural social pension insurance,and so on.For this reason,in our current situation, rural family security still play an important role in satisfy fundamental old age security demand,and it is also a benefical complement in social pension insurance.A large number of evidence that come from theoretical and pratical has proved that rural family security is still one of the most important endowment way in rural area. For one reason, we must take into account the stage of economic development and the speeding of population aging,it is hard to satisfy the huge endowment demand of the rural old,for another,because of culture and economy element,there are still some foundation for rural family security,which has an irreplaceable effect in life care, financial support and spiritual consolation.As the thousand years tradition in china, rural family security has an important role in rural area,not only in theoretical but aslo in pratical.As the development of china economy in rural and the implement of birth control, rural family pay more attention to improve children’s education,the investment in education become more and more common, rural family recognized that accept higher education is the single way to change children’s socioeconomic status. It is also their incumbent upon,which they can be proud of. therefore, although education cost in the recent years become higher and higher,parents still have a great enthusiasm in investment children’s education. Research has showed that,there is some correlation between investment of education and endowment return,to study the correlation between human capital investment of education and rural family security has a practical significance to explore the way of rural endowment problem. Through a large number of excellent access to domestic and foreign literature, analyse the research technique of related literature,on the base of positive correlation or no correration about the correlation between human capital investment of education and rural family security, proceed from our national conditions, summarizing the theoretical analysis about rural family security,to provide some theory basis for the research conclusions of this article. According to the questionnaire analysis based on the rural families whose children received the higher education,verify that there is a relationship betwee human capital investment of education and rural family security. The text is divided into five parts. The first part is the introduction;the second is Literature review and theoretical analysis;the third part,we analysis the relation between higher education investment and family supporting;the next, through collecting the data,take an empirical test of the correlation between higher education investment and family supporting;in the last part,we summarized the research conclusions and put forward some policy suggestion. Research showed that, with the increasing investment in their children’s high education by the rural families,there has a Positive correlation between education spending and the spiritual comfort and economic return,there also has a negative correlation with the economic returns and living care, the total return of family security is positive.But in the early stage of human capital investment, the education expenditure has a positive correlation with the spiritual comfort? but has a negative correlation with the economic returns and living care. The positive correlation between education expenditure and the total return of family security is not significant.perhaps,there are some boundedness in the source of data,scope and testing methods, also there are some index factor that can not quantification,all of this can take much effect to the result,we except to perfect in the future study.

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