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Analysis of the Relationship between Monetary Policy and Industrial Structure in China

Author: GaoYaZuo
Tutor: GuoHuiYing
School: Shanxi University of Finance
Course: Quantitative Economics
Keywords: monetary policy industrial structure the construction industry PanelData
CLC: F822.0
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 3
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Monetary policies are an important part of macroeconomic policies of a nation. InChina, monetary policies made great contribution and also played an important role inindustrial restructuring. Especially the monetary credit policy, increasing the totalamount and readjusting the structure, has an influence on industrial structure and mainindustries. However, how much does it influence on our industrial structure and mainindustries for the past more than ten years? The research on the relevant problems isrelated to application effect, feasible development of industrial structure and thesustainable increase of general economy, so it’s one of the quantitative analysisproblems that we should do research on.This paper, based on the literature about the relationship between monetary policiesand industrial structure, is empirical analysis about the relation between our monetarypolicies of the past more than ten years and industrial structure, especially mainindustries, with descriptive statistical analysis and modern econometric technology andother methods. First, I analyzed our industrial structure, employment structure and threemain industries with statistical analysis method. The three main industries includeconstruction industry, manufacturing industry and transportation industry. Then,recalling the development in monetary policies, I systematically sort the theoreticframework of the effects of monetary policy on industrial structure. Finally, I researchedon the long-term equilibrium relationship between financial degree of deepening andgeneral industrial structure with cointegration model. With production function model, Iused panel data of31provinces and municipalities from1996to2012to study on theeffects from monetary policies on main industries Construction industry is taken as anexample. It shows that fixed assets investment has a positive elastic influence onproduction of construction industry. Dividing the panel data into three parts of the east,middle and west regions, it has differences. This shows that our monetary policiesimplementation has regional difference.At last, this paper gives policy proposals about improving the relation between ourmonetary policies and main industry to realize optimization and upgrade of industrystructure.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Currency > China's currency > Principle of policy and its elaborate
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