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Study on Land Fragmentation and Land Consolidation in the Context of Agricultural Land Reform in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: LengMinHua
Tutor: XuMengJie
School: Nanjing Agricultural College
Course: Management of land resources
Keywords: Central and Eastern European Countries Land Reform LandFragmentation Land Consolidation
CLC: F301.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 2
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The late1970s, China introduced the household contract responsibility system on the premise of both fairness and efficiency which promoted the agricultural production effectively and sped up the process of modernization of agriculture. However, in the context of a large population with relatively little land, the household contract responsibility system distributed by population further aggravated the fragmentation of the agricultural land in China. In the1990s, the central and eastern European countries experienced economic transition. One important measure of economic transition is the agricultural land reform. With the implementation of land restitution and land allocation, land fragmentation appeared, weakened the competitiveness of the agricultural sector, and formed extreme farm structure that is a relatively small number of large-scale reorganization of farms and tens of thousand of small-scale private farms. CEECs and China not only have the same historical development background, also are in a period of economic transition period. Relative to western European countries, as a measure to solve land fragmentation, land consolidation started late. Therefore to summarize the process and consequence of agriculture land reform, the fragmentation status after agricultural land reform, as well as experience in land consolidation to solve the land fragmentation is significant.The paper first introduces from land fragmentation concept, measurement method and land consolidation concept, significance, then summarizes agricultural land reform situation to deepen the understanding of the original intention, the process, the outcome of agricultural land reform; describes land fragmentation and new farm pattern, and validates the negative effects of land fragmentation on agricultural production through econometric model; collates land consolidation pilot projects, formal projects implemented and land consolidation strategy released; analysizes and concludes combined in the situation of our country. The conclusions of the study are as follows: (1) The part of reform:the most countries (except Lithuania) are completed the agricultural land reform at the end of the20th century. From the pace of reform, Albania, developed faster, and Lithuania developed slower. From the degree of the reform, Albania is the most.(2) The part of fragmentation:compared to the average size of the plot from the four countries (Albania, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria), all the countries are less than1hectare except Hungary after land reform. According to the size, the order is Hungary> Romania> Bulgaria> Albania. The situation of China is worse than CEECs seen from the average size of the plot.(3) The part of consolidation:based on different economic, political, social and natural conditions, land consolidation activities are different in quality and quantity. Albania, Romania, Estonia’s land consolidation progress is slow; The content of land consolidation are limited to integrated block, expanded farm scale, but the investment of infrastructure and other production facilities, the improvement of rural living environment content are little; The land consolidation pilot projects are an opportunity to carry out the construction of legal system of land consolidation; Lack of funds, many infrastructure construction can not be implemented. CEECs still rely on the financial and technical help of the western European countries and international institutions; Land consolidation is carried out with full respect for the wishes of the owners; Land consolidation takes full advantage of the transactions in the land market, but there are still many things need to do to improve the relevant systems and mechanisms.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > Agricultural economic theory > Land Economics > Land management, planning and
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