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Poverty Reduction Effect for Rural Anti-Poverty Reduction

Author: GuiJunLing
Tutor: ZhangDaWei
School: Central China Normal University
Course: Social Work
Keywords: Rural Poverty Key Counties for Poverty Reduction Anti-Poverty Policy
CLC: F323.8
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 1
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Abstract


The effects of the anti-poverty policy paper on rural poverty measures widely used descriptive statistics and quantitative analysis methods. The main contents of the study include:China key counties for poverty alleviation in rural poverty. The main application of this forum descriptive statistics summarize the evolution of China’s poverty standard; characterize the size of the rural poor in China changes; detailed picture of the spatial distribution of China’s rural poor, and to point out the features and characteristics.Economic development policies on poverty alleviation of rural poverty in key counties. The sector capacity is mainly applied quantitative analysis method to study the impact of various economic development policies on poverty reduction, first, the effect of Financial Funds focused on China’s poverty alleviation of rural poverty counties; then analyzed funding for poverty alleviation focus on poverty reduction in China County rural poverty impact; once again, the effect of monetary policy on China rural poverty Alleviation key counties of rural poverty; Finally, the effect of infrastructure on the Chinese focus on poverty alleviation of rural poverty counties.Social development policies on poverty alleviation of rural poverty in key counties. The sector capacity is mainly applied quantitative analysis method to study the effects of various policies on poverty alleviation and social development, first of all, to study the effects of poverty in rural education policy focuses on China’s rural poverty counties; then analyzes the rural medical insurance and other social security policies impact of China’s poverty alleviation of rural poverty in key counties; Finally, the influence of social assistance policy focuses on China’s poverty alleviation of rural poverty counties.The main conclusions of the study are as follows:First, the country’s fiscal expenditure on agriculture does have a significant positive impact on the incidence of rural poverty alleviation. With appropriate policy recommendations that the state should continue to increase financial support for agriculture, rural areas to support economic and social development, to support agricultural development. Second, the total amount of relief funds, the central financial funds, central special Reforestation Project grants and provincial financial arrangements such variables as poverty alleviation grant funds can significantly alleviate the incidence of poverty in rural areas, where poverty grants provincial financial arrangements poverty alleviation funds optimum effect, the Central Grain for Green project grants special second best again is the central financial funds, total poverty funds last.Third, agriculture poverty alleviation loans have a significant positive impact on poverty alleviation. Farmers borrow loans per year, per household by the end of the loan does not have a positive impact on poverty alleviation. Policy implications of the conclusions are: agriculture funding poverty alleviation loans can significantly slow down the incidence of poverty in rural areas, on the basis of further strengthening the degree of poverty targeting, should continue to increase agricultural loans for poverty alleviation efforts.Fourth, the proportion of administrative villages, the proportion of administrative villages electricity, telephone administrative villages accessible by road, and can accept the proportion of television programs and other administrative villages and rural infrastructure variables have a significant impact on the incidence of poverty reverse rural areas, they can significantly the incidence of poverty alleviation in rural areas, where poverty energizing effect optimal proportion of administrative villages, can receive TV programs administrative villages, followed again is administrative villages accessible by road, and finally call administrative villages. Policy recommendations above conclusions are as follows: battle started construction of rural infrastructure, rural infrastructure nationwide fight full coverage, which will reduce the incidence of poverty is limited.Fifth, to reduce illiterate, the proportion of primary schools have a significant positive impact on the incidence of poverty alleviation in rural areas, improve the proportion of educated middle school, high school, college and above by farmers can significantly reduce poverty; proportion of different degrees of education the incidence of rural poverty alleviation role is different, presenting both sides of the high, middle and low status. The policy implications of these conclusions:on the one hand, the state should vigorously develop education, increasing investment in education, improve the level of education of the whole people; on the other hand, countries should establish appropriate incentives to attract highly educated population to rural employment and entrepreneurship, led an ordinary rural residents develop production, poverty.Sixth, to improve the proportion of households participating in the cooperative medical fund, the proportion of administrative village health clinic, there are qualified doctors in rural/hygienists proportion of administrative villages, villages percentage of qualified midwives have a significant positive impact on the incidence of poverty alleviation in rural areas; Specifically, to improve the availability of qualified doctors in rural areas/villages hygienists proportion of poverty reduction is best, followed by qualified midwives proportion of administrative villages, once again there is a proportion of the administrative village health room, and finally improve the farmers participating in the cooperative medical fund ratio. Policy Implications:For the treatment and prevention of disease, the country should make efforts in prevention health care policies at the national rural poverty should be the order of priority, first of all, should be committed to enhance the proportion of administrative village health clinic, there are qualified administrative villages proportion of rural doctors/health workers, qualified midwives proportion of administrative villages, and finally raise the proportion of households participating in the cooperative medical care funds.Seventh, increase household receive relief relief funds and materials have a significant positive impact on the incidence of poverty alleviation in rural areas, but the proportion of households received relief funds and materials for the relief of poverty incidence in rural areas, while having a positive impact, but the impact is not significant. The policy implications conclusion is: the national social assistance should pay attention to anti-poverty policies and systems in the role, for the cause of poverty in the face of temporary disaster, the state should act quickly to increase social relief efforts to increase farmers’ disaster relief relief funds and materials, with the greatest efforts to reduce temporary poverty, eradicate poverty temporary shift to long-term poverty.This article may innovations include:On research, this paper extends the existing research literature and vision. This article will assess anti-poverty policy extends to all aspects, including financial support policies, poverty alleviation funding, financial support policies and infrastructure, etc.,; Not only that, the paper also studied the effect of anti-poverty and social development and policy support, which including education policy, health care and other social security policies, as well as social assistance policy and so on. Therefore, this paper expands the existing research and vision.Research methods, this paper is widely used quantitative analysis methods. Sociological studies of the effects of anti-poverty policies style, mostly using relatively simple descriptive statistics indirect method, more in-depth quantitative analysis is not enough, this article will study further, using more advanced methods of quantitative analysis of the anti-poverty conducted a detailed assessment of policies and measures, therefore, the application of research methods in this paper also has some innovations. Research data, this paper mainly applied macroeconomic data. Unlike many existing studies use of micro-survey data or case, we use the " China Poverty Monitoring Report " data, and conducted in-depth data analysis, data applications also have some new ideas.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Agricultural income and distribution
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