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Evaluation of Ecological Competitiveness of Coal Enterprises and Empirical Research

Author: WangWenLiang
Tutor: YangChangMing
School: China University of Geosciences
Course: Management Science and Engineering
Keywords: Coal enterprises Ecological competitiveness Classification treeGrey System Fuzzy System
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Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 82
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Abstract


Saving resources and protecting the environment is a strategy of sustainable development, an important part of the national economy, is a long-term basic national policy. Whether it is in the economic construction and social development, ecological construction goals and motivations will lose, on the contrary, do not consider the ecological construction and environmental protection, economic and social sustainable development is an empty phrase. The country’s economic construction and social development must be coordinated with environmental protection and ecological construction. Coal mining is a high energy consumption, high pollution industry, coal mining, and how to implement the "Circular Economy Promotion Law in the People’s Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China Clean Production Promotion Law", how to correct the introduction of the "green mining, ecological harmony" philosophy, ecological harmony mine important measures to build an ecological civilization development and building a harmonious society, from a new road to industrialization resources coal consumption is low, less environmental pollution, high technological content, good economic returns, the coal industry is facing an important issue.Coal is the main source of energy in our country; the coal industry is China’s important energy infrastructure industry, China’s economic sustainable development strategy in a key industry. This is mainly decided by China’s national economic development trends and resource endowments, and also in a longer period of time will not be a fundamental change in China’s coal-based energy consumption structure. However, the people of the coal as an energy source, its use, is bound to release large amounts of pollutants such as SOx, soot, NOX, causing environmental pollution, ecological issues such as deteriorating; due to the higher carbon content of coal, to produce the same heat, with petroleum, natural gas, compared to the CO2emissions are highest, CO2as a greenhouse gas, and its large number of emissions that contribute to global warming and climate anomalies. With the improvement of people’s living standards, people have become increasingly demanding environment, therefore coal as the main energy resource, its use, emissions need to be controlled, objective consideration of ecological competitiveness of coal enterprise, in order to ensure the ecological environmental sustainability.Meaning of Coal put forward the overall development of the strategic thinking that a friendly and harmonious scientific development, the two spans; industry gathered a large group, multiple expansion; the coal infrastructure upgrades, the efficient operation of the employees; intrinsically safe Anquan Yicoal, to the scientific development concept as a guide, the "three-step" development strategy, were strong start:2007-2010,2011-2015the science across,2016-2020strong take-off. In early2010, the meaning of Coal timely adjustment of the "three-step" development strategy, given a new position and requirements to the second stage, that scientific leap:the focus on safety in production deployment and the same time the pursuit of rapid development, clearly stated To insist on the quality of development and sustainable development, emphasis on the institutional culture, Yima coal formation characteristics and culture; emphasis on workers and enhance the well-being index, and gradually improve the working environment and living environment; attention to the protection of the environment and resources, and vigorously promote the circular economy the development; actively advocate green, low-carbon development, human and natural harmony, and strive to become the leading brand of sustainable development enterprise Coal justice.These topics from the long-term scientific research accumulation and professional research directions. Yima Coal Industry Group Co., Ltd. is a large state-owned coal enterprises, major production and meager lean coal, coking coal, anthracite coal and washed coal, which is widely used in coking, gas production, power generation, industrial boilers and building materials industries, the products are widely sold more than20domestic provinces, autonomous regions, and also involved in the manufacturing, power generation, cement, alumina, coal, chemical and other fields. Eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises to study a new subject, covering ecological economic theory, enterprise competitiveness theory and corporate eco-competitiveness theory. Coal enterprises to focus on ecology, the development of clean production technology, and take the path of the development of recycling economy, green development is the inevitable choice of China to take a new road to industrialization, to achieve sustainable economic and social development, building a resource-saving society. In order to achieve the coal enterprises to change the mode of economic growth, the development of eco-economy, innovation and building conservation-oriented enterprises, and ultimately change the competitive landscape, rich theories and methods of evaluation based on existing theory and corporate eco-competitiveness to promote eco-competitiveness of coal enterprise enhanced training. The common problem of coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation of the use of the cycle of economic, ecological and economic theory to solve the operation of the coal enterprises of high energy consumption, pollution, ultra emissions, nurture and enhance the competitiveness of coal enterprise ecosystem, and ultimately achieve green development of coal enterprises.Paper summarizes relevant research on the basis of the characteristics of the coal enterprises, first of all, a clear connotation of ecological and economic competitiveness of coal enterprise ecosystem-based, definition of the concept of competitiveness of coal enterprise ecosystem; Second, by affecting the ecology of the coal enterprises analysis of the competitive elements, from the dimensions of the ecological environment, the economy, the level of management, enterprise core competencies to build coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index system, the use of the classification tree method, the gray system theory and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model to evaluate the coal enterprises ecological competitiveness. And evaluation of empirical research carried out ecological competitiveness of Coal justice; Finally, the proposed strategies and measures to cultivate and enhance the competitiveness of coal enterprise ecosystem.The overall structure of this paper is divided into seven chapters, were:The first chapter. This study pointed out the background and significance of the topic of this article, respectively, concept, theory of competitiveness of enterprises, enterprise competitiveness evaluation of domestic and foreign scholars on the competitiveness of enterprises and the theory of eco-competitiveness of enterprises and coal enterprise competitiveness Research; elaborated ideas, research content and methods, and concluded that the major achievements and innovations of this article.The second chapter of the enterprise eco-competitiveness related theoretical overview. Expounded the theory of enterprise ecological competitiveness content analysis from the point of view of the competitiveness of enterprises, and cut into the enterprise ecological competitiveness. Describes the basic content of the competitiveness of enterprises, enterprise ecological importance of competitiveness and practical significance, the theoretical basis of build coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation model:theory of sustainable development, green development theory, the theory of circular economy, low the carbon economic theory, these theories pointed the way for the development of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprise.Chapter competitiveness of coal enterprises ecological theory analysis. First, that the main problems facing the development process of the coal enterprises, leads to the urgency of the eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises, and then given the basic concepts of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises, meaning as well as the establishment of the evaluation, the evaluation methods. Core competitiveness of coal enterprises ecological sustainable development theory, to achieve the sustainable development of the coal enterprises, to make the long-term survival of the enterprise, to obtain greater economic benefits, should continue to reduce the production of pollution, for economic community to make a greater contribution.Chapter coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index design. First, the analysis of the competitiveness of coal enterprises ecological impact factors, followed by the combination of the coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index system design principles and design methods to build coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index system.Chapter coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation model. The first study enterprise competitiveness evaluation methods, and comparative analysis of various evaluation methods, followed by the use of the classification tree, the gray system theory and fuzzy theory of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises, and the evaluation model were constructed.Empirical Analysis of the sixth chapter of the meaning of Coal ecological competitiveness evaluation. First analyzes the status quo of ecological competitiveness of Coal justice, then, respectively, using the classification tree theory, gray theory, fuzzy theory of coal enterprises Ecological competitiveness evaluation model ecological competitiveness of the meaning of Coal empirical research, came to the conclusion of the ecology of the meaning of Coal Competitiveness and Promotion Countermeasure.The text in Chapter7Summary and Research Prospects. Summary of the content of this paper, and the study found the problems and defects put forward.Under the guidance of the theory of the ecological and economic theory, the theory of the competitiveness of enterprises, enterprise ecological competitiveness closely around the theme of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises, theoretical knowledge as a guide, using system analysis, factor analysis, qualitative and quantitative, empirical The combination of analytical methods, the choice of coal enterprises ecological competitiveness analysis method, the determination of the influencing factors, the establishment of the evaluation, the evaluation model to build depth study. Eco-competitiveness evaluation index system based on coal enterprises build the principles and methods of constructed coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index system, and evaluation theory based on eco-competitiveness of enterprises, build eco-competitiveness of coal enterprise integrated evaluation model, and the empirical analysis, and strive to be innovative in the construction of the index system and evaluation methods.(1) The theoretical innovation:the concept of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprise. Based on the original connotation of the competitiveness of the enterprise ecosystem, the characteristics of the coal enterprises, proposed the concept of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises, clear the basic characteristics of the coal enterprises ecological competitiveness basic sense, the range of applications, competitiveness evaluation index system, and evaluation methods. Definition of eco-competitiveness of coal enterprises derives formed in the meaning of corporate eco-competitiveness, innovation, and also to make the theory pave the way for future related research.(2) Innovation:to build a coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index system and evaluation model. Quantitative analysis method, using a classification tree, gray theory, fuzzy comprehensive theory constructed coal enterprises in eco-competitiveness evaluation index system and evaluation model, and the meaning of Coal enterprise ecosystem competitiveness classification trees, gray theory, fuzzy comprehensive theory empirical research. Evaluation index system is designed according to the design principles and the current situation of coal enterprises, the three methods of classification trees, gray theory and fuzzy comprehensive theory on the basis of comparison of various evaluation methods to choose from, so use of three kinds of innovative methods for the study of the coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation.(3) The application of innovation:carry out the evaluation of empirical study of the meaning of Coal enterprise eco-competitiveness, and achieved good results. To use built coal enterprises ecological competitiveness evaluation index system and evaluation model of the enterprise ecosystem Coal justice competitive conduct empirical research, and proposed the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions for the Status and Problems of Coal justice ecological competitiveness, while exploring the ecological competitiveness of the Group to improve the ways and methods, and to cultivate and enhance the ecological competitiveness of the Group to play a substantial boost.

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