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The Influence of Entrepreneurial Team Heterogeneity, Team Reflexivity on Team Effectiveness

Author: ChenRuYi
Tutor: HuangZuoFang
School: Jiangnan University
Course: Business management
Keywords: entrepreneurial team effectiveness team heterogeneity team reflexivity
CLC: F272.92
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 64
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Abstract


Technology start-ups play an important role in promoting technological innovation andeconomic development. With the team form of entrepreneurship has become more common,entrepreneurial team has gradually become the main force of new ventures to cope withexternal environment challenge. Many technology start-ups have begun to focus on themanagement of entrepreneurial team, pay more attention to its effectiveness. Technologystart-ups often face many challenges from the business, market and technical uncertainty,which requires entrepreneurial team members can use the heterogeneous resources, flexibleand efficiently deal with the uncertainty and dynamic. However, there are two diametricallyopposing views about whether entrepreneurial team heterogeneous may improve teameffectiveness. One view is that entrepreneurial team heterogeneity may miss bring innerconflict and effective information, reduce the team effectiveness; another view is that Thecomplementary of entrepreneurial team members in knowledge, experience and skills, makethe resources on team information, capital and social network more abundant, and thenenhance the team ability to finish the complicated task. For go a step further analysis of thisprocess, the paper introduces the concept of team reflexivity, as a mediator variable, and toinvestigate its effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial team heterogeneity and teameffectiveness. Therefore, research on the influence mechanism of entrepreneurial teameffectiveness, especially from the perspective of input-process-output the whole team process,to investigate the effect path of entrepreneurial team "heterogeneity→team reflexivity→teameffectiveness", it is of great significance both for theoretical research on entrepreneurial team,or management practice of entrepreneurial team operation.Through systematically reviewing and combing related research at home and abroadBased on the perspective of resource based theory, group dynamics and upper echelons theory,the paper depth analyzed the impact of entrepreneurial team heterogeneity, team reflexivityon team effectiveness, and considered team cooperative conflict management style as amoderator among entrepreneurial team reflexivity and team effectiveness, and constructed atheory model; secondly, using the method of questionnaire investigation, takingentrepreneurial teams in technology start-ups as the research object, used confirmatory factoranalysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis, and structural equation modeling to verifythe hypotheses; finally, the paper referred to the domestic and foreign advanced experience,put forward management implications for entrepreneurial team operation in technologystart-ups.The main research contents and results are as follows:First, based on the systematic summary of related literature at home and abroad, and combined with the characteristic of technology start-ups, defined the connotation anddimensions of entrepreneurial team effectiveness, team heterogeneity, team reflexivity andother key variables, the paper considered that entrepreneurial team effectiveness includingentrepreneurial performance and team commitment, entrepreneurial team heterogeneityincluded demographic external characteristics heterogeneity in age,function background,entrepreneurial experience and working time, and internal characteristics heterogeneity incognition and values, team reflexivity focused on analyzing the role of team task reflexivity.Second, from the theoretical level analyzed the effect of entrepreneurial teamheterogeneity, team reflexivity for team effectiveness, and from the perspective of resourcebased theory, group dynamics and upper echelons theory, constructed the theoretical researchmodel, and put forward the research hypothesis.Third, through questionnaire analysis, using SPSS19.0and AMOS7.0software forempirical research on entrepreneurial team in technology start-ups. Confirmatory factoranalysis tested the correlation dimension. Correlation analysis showed that there was asignificant correlation between entrepreneurial team heterogeneity and team effectiveness(except for age heterogeneity and team commitment was not significantly related); regressionanalysis results verified team task reflexivity played the mediator role among team externalheterogeneity and team effectiveness, and team cooperative conflict management style plays apositive moderator role among team task reflexivity and team effectiveness; by using thestructural equation model, analyzed team task reflexivity paly a mediator role among teaminternal heterogeneity and team effectiveness.Fourth, the paper proposed management implications for the entrepreneurial practice ofentrepreneurial team construction and management challenges in technology start-ups, andpointed out the direction of research contributions, the shortcomings and future research.

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