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Chinese causes inflation and governance mechanism in the post financial crisis Era

Author: ChenYaLin
Tutor: LiGuoJiang
School: Yunnan University of Finance
Course: Finance
Keywords: Post-crisis era China Inflation Causes Governance mechanisms
CLC: F822.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 18
Quote: 0
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Abstract


After2008financial crisis, China’s price level is rising, the inflation rate is-0.7%in2009,quickly rose to3.3%in2010,in November2010CPI actually rose to4.8%,inflation continued to rise in2011and in2012,the rise in consumer prices inFebruary2011is more than5%,real estate prices reached a record high, people’sinflation expectations is increasing,inflation is becoming very severe. China is thetransformation of economic development in a critical period. How to maintaineconomic growth and control inflation has become an urgent problem to be solved.Firstly,I make a comprehensive discussion about the theoretical study of the inflation,Secondly, I analysis china’ inflation characteristics in the past-crisisera(2008-2012),mainly as the conduction effect enhancement of internationalcommodity prices, commodity prices rise, excessive increase of foreign exchangereserves as well as the expansion of the real estate market prices.According to fournew characteristics of post-financial crisis era, the formation mechanism of China’scurrent inflation has new features, formation mechanism is different from theprevious inflation mechanism, mainly as excess liquidity, low-end labor wageincreases, the international inflation enhancements, as well as investment excessive inthe real estate market. This paper selected the2008-2012macroeconomic data for theempirical study, I analyze the causes of inflation in the post-crisis era, mainly as therelationship between the inflation and economic development, between the inflationand international balance of payment, between the inflation and financialmarkets.From the point of view of economic development, international commodityproduction investment increased is the principal factor in the era of financial crisis.From the perspective of the balance of payments, foreign direct investment,foreignexchange reserves and the inflow of hot money have significant effect in the era offinancial crisis.From the perspective of financial markets, housing sales price indexis the principal factor in the era of financial crisis. Finally,I learn anti-inflationaryexperience from the United States,Japan,Brazil and Other countries,then analysis ofChina’s anti-inflation mechanisms of the era of financial crisis.I proposed some policy recommendations,mainly as resolve international commodity prices,improvereal estate financial market, strengthen hot money monitoring, improve thebenchmark interest rate formation mechanism, promote the process of marketinterest rate, strengthen the regulation of foreign exchange reserves and strengthenregulation of foreign direct investment.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Currency > China's currency > Inflation
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