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Study on Intellectual Property Pledge Financing

Author: TianHongZuo
Tutor: ChenHuiYing
School: Shandong Agricultural University
Course: Accounting
Keywords: Intellectual property pledge financing Motivation analysis Mode Fuzzycomprehensive evaluation
CLC: F832.4
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 63
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In2011, the amount of patent pledge financing in China was up to9billion (involving1953patents), increasing by28%. In2012, the scale of intellectual property pledge financingin our country further expanded, and pledge financing amount of patent, trademark andcopyright respectively is14.1billion,21.46billion and2.751billion. Since SIPO startintellectual property pledge financing in2008, registrations of the national patent pledgecontract have kept a strong growth for five years, pledge amount has the average annualgrowth of78.8%, the pledge project grew by an average of77.63%a year, involving patentsgrew by an average of98.71%a year, the nation achieved2073pledge loan projects,involving7326patents, pledge amounted to38.57billion.Intellectual property pledge financing can transform the government direct funding ofscience and technology small and medium-sized enterprises to indirectly help enterprises toobtain funds from the market. Exploring intellectual property pledge financing can extend thefinancing channels of small and mid-sized enterprises, promote intellectual property rights,commercial and capitalization of independent innovation, and better play the role ofintellectual property rights for economic development support.In this article, by analyzing the intellectual property pledge financing and researching thecurrent situation of the domestic and international intellectual property pledge financing,starting from the general theory of intellectual property pledge financing, research theconnotation, characteristics, process, motivation, mode and case and value evaluation of theintellectual property pledge financing in multiple perspectives. This paper study restrictionfactors of intellectual property pledge financing by factor analysis through the questionnaire,and put forward the corresponding optimization strategy. In this paper, the research ofintellectual property pledge financing mainly include the following six aspects:(1) Mechanism of intellectual property pledge financing. From the connotation andconnotation of intellectual property pledge financing, this paper study the mechanism of theintellectual property pledge financing systematically, deeply analyze the characteristics of theintellectual property pledge financing, comprehensively research process of intellectualproperty pledge financing, and explain the theory of the intellectual property pledgefinancing.(2) Dynamics analysis of intellectual property pledge financing. To provide themicroscopic theory of intellectual property pledge financing, analyze the implementation of intellectual property pledge financing in China from cognition, intention, motive and theconcern on the basis of232valid questionnaires. By using SPSS16.0software, the researchfound that: awareness of intellectual property pledge financing in China is low, for intellectualproperty pledge financing wait state, there are some doubts, intend to degree is not high; forenterprise motivation of intellectual property pledge financing mainly are three categories "topromote enterprise management","policy support","achieve the value of intellectual propertyrights"; the most concerned issues directly related to loans for corporate issuer mainly are theloan interest rate, loan term and loan amount, time from application to obtain loans,evaluation intermediary fees, etc.(3) Mode and case analysis of intellectual property pledge financing. According to themain characters and measures taken by government, the intellectual property pledge mode canbe divided into four categories: marketization of government encouragement mode,government investment share risks mode, government subsidy mode and the cost of financinggovernment administrative mode. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages offour patterns and the corresponding case analysis, and put forward the way of selection modeaccording to the regional development in intellectual property pledge financing: in the initialstage, the government administrative push mode is given priority to, supplemented byappropriate subsidies and risk sharing; in the stage of development, the governmentencouraged the marketization mode is given priority to, continue to supplement bygovernment subsidies and appropriate risk sharing; in the mature stage, develop thegovernment encouraged the market-oriented mode.(4) Evaluation of intellectual property pledge financing. Intellectual property valueassessment methods has its advantages and disadvantages, on the basis of the incomeapproach, this paper put forward fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method of intellectualproperty value based on entropy weight method, and give an application example, which is ofgreat significance to the application of intellectual property value assessment.(5) Analysis of intellectual property pledge financing restriction factor. By analysisinfluence on intellectual property pledge financing based on the questionnaire factors in factorcan be seen that the first element of restrict of intellectual property rights pledge is the Bankscontrol factor. Intellectual property pledge financing is a new financing mode, and there is nomature experienced and lack of specific operation method. Because that depreciation of thecollateral risk and default risk are high and the bank staff is lack of awareness of intellectualproperty pledge financing, the bank’s ability restrict the implementation of intellectualproperty pledge financing. Also legislation system, registration system, financial market and the external environment factors have important influence on intellectual property pledgefinancing.(6) Optimization strategy of intellectual property pledge financing. Directing at situationof intellectual property pledge financing and for realizing intellectual property pledgefinancing, this paper studied the development of our country intellectual property pledgefinancing strategy in the market mechanism, the credit mechanism, risk mechanism,evaluation mechanism, guarantee mechanism, legal mechanism and incentive mechanism.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, banking > China's financial,banking > Credit
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