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Investigation and Analysis on Dietary Behavior and the Effect of Dietary Behavior on Health about the Children Aged from 3 to 6 Years Old in Lanzhou City

Author: LuHuiLan
Tutor: WangYu
School: Lanzhou University
Course: Nutrition and Food Hygiene
Keywords: 3-6 year-old children in Lanzhou City Diet Survey Nutritional status Influencing factors Children 's food nutrition labeling
CLC: R179
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 260
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Abstract


Purpose of Lanzhou City 3 - to 6-year-old children's eating behavior and its impact on the nutritional status and provide the basis for the formulation and implementation of ground preschool care and health education strategies. Designed children's eating behavior questionnaire, stratified cluster sampling method, Diet Survey dependents, in the garden of Lanzhou City five kindergarten children 3 to 6 years old. Design questionnaire to record the large consumption of major and medium-sized supermarket in Lanzhou City four children food nutrition label situation, with food nutrition label management specification than analysis. Anthropometric variables such as height and weight for children, and comprehensive analysis of the correlation between eating behavior and health of the population. The results of a study eating behavior status of (1) Breakfast: behavior better, each meal constituted for up to 2 to 3 foods. The different age structure of children's food no differences (P> 0.05). (2) snacks: 97.09% subjects have the habit of eating snacks. Limit consumption of snacks (such as candy and jelly, puffed food, preserved foods, ice cream and ice cream) are the main types of snacks in the crowd. Snack food frequency clearly affect the intake of meals (P <0.05). The dependents snacks nutrition knowledge, attitudes, behavior and snacks select between closely related (P <0.05). (3) drinks: mainly boiled water and milk / yogurt. (4) Western-style fast food: food frequently between consumer age of the child and their family monthly income was statistically significant (P <0.05), the reasons like western food, gifts or toys (60.02%), good (41.43%) environment (27.41%). Western main way children understand their parents or relatives (50.36%), media advertising (40.39%). Time major food holidays (60.54%), weekend (40.71%) and birthday (12.77%). (5) picky eaters partial eclipse behavior: 77.36% of children are picky eaters partial eclipse behavior, from not eat the kinds of foods up to 78.92% dependents take this remind eat the fruit and vegetable foods. (6) meal meals: 89.24% children playing or watching TV. Children preprandial wash performance initiative to wash their hands of the age the greater the higher the frequency, the younger who wash their hands after being prompted, occasionally or never wash their hands of a higher frequency. Postprandial mouthwash or brushing is that most children do or do occasionally prompted. 2, part of the family dependents of dependents and family factors affect children's eating behavior factors (1) the lack of nutritional knowledge, the old concept of parenting a direct impact on children's food purchasing and boot the formation of good eating behavior; dependents too often table education \the purpose of food, which affects children's food preferences. 68.02% of the children of (2) the impact of the media rely on television advertising to understand and choose foods get parental nutrition knowledge, 28.87% of the child support people through radio and television advertising, and 45.65% of the child support people that the children bad eating behavior formation is affected by the impact of television advertising, there are still 27.72% dependents little help or no help, or even 9.86% dependents misleading regarding the purchase of food. (3) the impact of children's food nutrition labeling market survey of the four categories of 263 kinds of children's food, infant formula, transitional food (mainly include all kinds of rice, flour and other food supplement), beverages and calcium foods nutrition labeling overall marked rate of 86.31%. Different food nutrients labeled rate difference was statistically significant (χ to 2 = 27.962, P <0.05). Child food nutrition labeling to highlight the existence of the problem: nutrients and its marked value marked compared with standard non-standard and identifies the content range of fuzzy, nutrition claims expressed in free, all food marked lack of nutrient reference values ??(NRV), non-nutritive substances ( food additives, etc.) and no content or safe intake range marked hidden plot the location of food production date and shelf life. Food nutrition label on the nutrient content claims that \% dependents little help or no help, or even 9.86% dependents misleading regarding the purchase of food. 3, malnutrition in the nutritional status of children with eating behavior of children surveyed in 56 cases (5.82%), overweight and obesity was 159 cases (16.51%). Malnutrition is mainly related to impact the dinner with the consumption of snacks improper; supper and Western fast food the higher the frequency, the more easily lead to being overweight or obese. Dependents and their families, the impact of the factors on the nutritional status of children of the main factors affecting the nutritional status of children ① family factors such as family income, family type; ② dependents factors, such as the mother's education level, father's occupation, and raising artificially father, access to knowledge, and factors to consider when choosing foods, there are bad eating behavior. Malnutrition related factors, dependents father as a contributing factor, the mother's education level, reasonable access to nutrition knowledge means for the protection of the factors; the normal nutrition related factors when shopping freshness of the importance of food and nutrition labeling, from friends and colleagues get the nutrition knowledge in exchange for contributing factor, father's occupation, family type, shopping focus purchase convenient protective factors; overweight or obesity related factors, the educational level of the mother, the monthly income of the household economy, dependents unhealthy dietary behaviors, focus on buying convenience shopping as a contributing factor to focus on food nutrition labels, shopping, children's likes and dislikes and types with access to the knowledge of nutrition means of protective factors. Conclusion 1, Lanzhou City 3 - to 6-year-old children eating behavior, good breakfast and beverage consumption behavior, snacks behavior, Western-style fast food behavior, pick a partial eclipse behavior and other meal situation, there are many factors of insecurity correct guidance of its good eating Behavior In addition the the to strengthen related food market supervision, the key lies in strengthening nutrition education for children and their dependents. 2, children's food nutrition labels affect children's food choices and consumption. The gap between the children's food nutrition labeling specifications arbitrariness of identity is the main problem. Tip community should accelerate the strengthening food nutrition labeling standard purposes, but also to regulate the market supervision, urging manufacturers to enhance the sense of discipline, people and management personnel of universal knowledge of nutrition labeling education, nutrition labeling as soon as possible to truly become the people's access to nutrition knowledge shortcut way and buy food reference. 3, the Lanzhou City nutritional status of children 3 to 6 years old is still there worrying problem, on the one hand, malnutrition still exists, on the other hand is the detection rates of overweight and obesity increased trend. Factors generated with this status quo and development is closely related to the children's own unhealthy dietary behaviors and family dependents factors. Tip improve children's dietary structure, to cultivate children good eating habits as well as to strengthen the popularity of dependents parental knowledge is a fundamental measure to improve the nutritional status of children. 4, it is recommended that: to promote the healthy growth of Lanzhou City preschoolers develop good eating habits from the following aspects (1) to strengthen the education of dependents eating behavior. (2) pay full attention to the children's breakfast, snacks, picky eaters partial eclipse and Western fast food and other bad behavior correction. (3) food with attention to diversity, to improve children's dietary patterns.

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CLC: > Medicine, health > Preventive Medicine,Health > Children,youth health
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