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The Implementation and Performance Studying of the Household Contract Responsibility System

Author: LiuWenBin
Tutor: WenRui
School: Jiangxi University of Finance
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: Land System Communes Work-point Household contract responsibility system
CLC: K27
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 73
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Abstract


Based on a large number of the original file information and memories of the parties, the paper conducted a detailed textual research and comb to the developmen t and evolution process of the household contract responsibility system in the shazhouba, Ruijin. Taking China’s rural reform of the twentieth century as background late seventies and according to the idea of first macro after micro, first as a whole after the partial. Through the analysis of this typical case, to clarify the grass-roots social situation before the implementation of household contract responsibility system, the promoting process of the household contract responsibility system at the grassroots level, the understanding and feelings of grassroots cadres and the masses to this reform , the household contract responsibility system, the changes and the resulting negative effects and so on to rural society after the implementation of household contract responsibility system, and made some fundamental points to by independently think.Full-text is divided into seven partsThe first chapter briefly describes the content and purpose based on papers choose to study the household contract responsibility system and village-level household contract responsibility system, and doing research in a simple recalled that the research status of system performance and village-level household contract responsibility system, then explained why select shazhouba as a case study, and described paper data sources . in the final introduced the study approach of the thesis.The second chapter reviews the times background of the implementation of shazhouba household contract responsibility system. Facing the economic difficulties of the rural Collectivization road leading to, Anhui first to break the the impact of "leftist" mistakes and adjusted the rural policy, with a variety of disputes was triggered.in the ongoing debate, the attitudes of central pairs on rural reform are gradually changing, there are differences from the initial development to the final set the tone. These are the external factors that shazhouba household contract responsibility system to be implementedThe third chapter reviews the household contract responsibility system, before the implementation of shazhouba economic and social situation, and from aspects of the farming system, mode of operation, distribution system, farmers behavior and other etc to analyze the manifestations of various shortcomings of the people’s commune system in the shazhouba . in the fina demonstrated the urgency and necessity. institutional change of shazhouba agricultural operations.The fourth chapter describes in detail the household contract responsibility system established in the shazhouba policy process and implementation; in-depth analysis of the household contract responsibility system is implemented brigade cadres, members of production teams, as well as the masses of cadres and the psychology and attitudes.The fifth chapter analyzed that changes occurred after the implementation of shazhouba household contract responsibility system from from the raise of labor Enthusiasm aod household sideline production, village-run enterprises, etc and compared relevant circumstances with the commune.The sixth chapter sorted and discussed of a range of issues emerged after the implementation shazhouba household contract responsibility system from those aspects of the land ownership, broken bits of land and public administration.Conclusion describes the author’s views and suggestions.In this paper, the paper analysis the process of the evolution and the entire development on the family contract responsibility system in the country, especially in the shazhouba, demonstrated the following points: the development of agriculture and rural policies must fully respect the farmers, respect for the pioneering spirit of the peasants; formulating agricultural and rural policies must be a correct understanding of agricultural production, family-run mode; the formulation and implementation of agricultural and rural policy must attach great importance of the status and role of grass-roots cadres to agriculture and rural economic development. In addition, this article argues these points in addition, it also lies in emphasis on agriculture and rural policy implementation, it is necessary to emphasize consistency and pay attention to the strategic; it is necessary to take into account the overall situation of the country, but also concerned about the uniqueness of different regions.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > People's Republic of China period ( 1949 ~)
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