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Analysis of the Soviet Union in the 1930s to eliminate rich peasants

Author: ChenYuJia
Tutor: ChuXiang
School: Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Social Sciences
Course: World History
Keywords: Soviet Union Elimination of rich peasants Stalinist system
CLC: K512.53
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 5
Quote: 0
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Abstract


This article by the Soviet Union to the elimination of the reasons of the rich peasants in the process of transition to socialism, the way and the implementation of the results of investigation, pointed out the drawbacks of the Soviet elimination of the kulaks economic existence too early, way too radical and thus draw important inspiration. Text by the Preface, the four parts of the text, notes, Conclusion, and References. Which the body is divided into four chapters: the first chapter analyzes the characteristics of the rich peasant economy in the mid-1920s. Kulak class under the new economic policy conditions and the nature of the difference between the rich peasants before the October Revolution, the vast majority of them rely on favorable agricultural policies, relying on their own hard work and fortune, and many of them have good agricultural production and management skills, they know how to market, and good use of commodity money relations to arrange their own production, which is not a small amount of human and technical resources. The second chapter discusses \Stalin, in order to ensure that the Soviet Union, a country built socialism, it is necessary to promote world revolution to break the blockade of international capitalism, necessary to the rapid development of the national economy, it is necessary to achieve industrialization, collectivization of agriculture. An interdependence of industrialization and collectivization of agriculture, the interaction of the structural relationships in this relationship, the agricultural issue, the issue of farmers is the core issue. He has taken to solve the problem is the wholesale collectivization. Wholesale collectivization campaign, Stalin to increasing anti-kulak waves \The kulaks as a class was destroyed, and the elimination of not only the rich peasants, but also bring disaster to the middle and poor peasants. It can be said that the 1928 grain purchase crisis caused by the policy change, the fuse. The third chapter of the elimination of the kulaks classification and the elimination of the kulaks, kulak exile implementation of the policy, as well as the elimination of the number of kulaks. And staff from hunger generation, special immigrants living health conditions, education conditions, analysis of the living conditions in the process of kulak exile introduction. Kulak exile slightly hasty introduction of the policy, there is no corresponding sound system to ensure that the exile of the implementation of the policy, a number of regulations in place is not fully implemented, this is not only caused by the death in exile in, and also to cause the offspring of some rich peasants had a negative impact. Chapter eradication of rich peasants overall evaluation summary. Indiscriminate elimination of the kulaks, seriously dampen farmers' enthusiasm for production, restricts the development of rural productivity, exacerbate and expand the rural class contradictions. Soviet elimination of the kulaks economy to bring us a profound revelation: to promote the transformation of the relations of production in rural areas must be in accordance with the requirements of the development of the productive forces. Must be a correct understanding of the class struggle under the socialist system, scientific distinguish the contradictions between the enemy and the contradictions among the people. Must be treated in accordance with the objective economic laws and the transformation of the rich peasant economy.

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CLC: > History, geography > European History > Eastern and Central Europe > Russia and the Soviet Union > History of the Soviet Union (1917 ~ 1991 ) > To restore the national economy and the construction of the socialist period (1921 ~ 1939 )
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