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2004-2008 first half of imported inflation causes and countermeasures

Author: YangJiaNi
Tutor: LiuWenChao
School: Southwestern University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Imported inflation Reason Feature Control
CLC: F822.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 323
Quote: 4
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Abstract


Since 2004, the U.S. dollar continued to depreciate, some major agricultural producing countries cut production, OPEC's limited production, international speculative capital speculation and other factors, leading to the international market of crude oil, grain, iron ore and other commodity prices continue to rise, was the world's inflation is the main reason. Since 2004, countries around the world with varying degrees of inflation, together facing the threat of imported inflation. Thus, the appreciation of the renminbi, foreign exchange reserves increased international trade surplus, the international crude oil and iron ore prices and other factors, led to the country round (2004-2008) imported inflation generation and intensified. We must see that the weak dollar led to the prevailing international oil futures prices rose sharply to $ 147, while the United States with the grain as fuel, reducing global food reserves, food market supply lead to food prices, global inflation pressures, such pressures will further deliver to other countries in the world and spread. Therefore, the formation of global inflationary pressures imported inflation, China must remain vigilant. For this round of imported inflation, China is currently taken to raise the deposit reserve ratio, issue bonds, raise interest rates, exchange rate reform and a series of measures to prevent and deal with, but the effect is not optimistic. Purpose of this study is that the foreign inflation management experience combined with China's actual situation, analysis of the imported inflation Governance Innovation direction and focus to identify imported inflation for China's governance approach. This study idea is: the right of the current round of inflation began in 2004 has the input type characteristics and causes analysis, based on the introduction of traditional management tools and their effectiveness issues related to governance tools through foreign innovative learning, combined with China's actual situation, the government and the market on the basis of cooperation, find out the imported inflation for China's governance approach and policy recommendations in order to maintain the stable development of China's macro economy. The main conclusions are as follows: 1, the global economic integration, the risk of imported inflation is inevitable, we must pay close attention. 2, from the efficiency, effectiveness and other terms, a variety of traditional methods of governance imported inflation exist validity issue. 3, China is a large agricultural country, agricultural development can not be ignored. Based on the above conclusions, we propose the following policy recommendations: 1, strengthen the development of agriculture in the core of modern economy status. 2, scattered through the establishment of China's international reserves imported inflation risks. 3, through the government's economic and administrative measures to strengthen and improve the financial system to provide a platform. 4, to strengthen the characteristics of imported inflation, imported inflation governance to promote technological innovation.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Currency > China's currency > Inflation
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