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The Influence on Later Generation by Zhang Xuecheng’s Local Record Thought

Author: SongJia
Tutor: ShenSongPing
School: Ningbo University
Course: Specialized History
Keywords: Zhang Xuecheng Local record thought The later generation influence
CLC: K29
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 24
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Zhang Xuecheng is a famous historian and local chronicle scientist of Emperor Qianlong and Jiaqing at our country’s Qing Dynasty. Although the life was rough, Zhang Xuecheng lived by seeking his career hardly and writing diligently, he made the enormous achievement in historian, local rencord theory,and proofreading,especially at local record aspect, he has poured the enormous enthusiasm into his research. He compiled and participated to compile about eleven local records include“Hubei Tongzhi”,“Hezhou zhi”,“Yongqing Xianzhi”,“Bozhou zhi”,“Tianmen Xianzhi”,“Changde Fuzhi”,“Jingzhou Xianzhi”,“Shuntian Xianzhi”,“Macheng Xianzhi”,“Shishou Xianzhi”,“Guangji Xianzhi”and so on. He advocated his history unceasingly integrates to edits the local record in the practice, so he has formed the whole complete series of local record theory systerm.He,who is recognized the founder and“Saint of the local record”of our country by the later generation, established three calligraphy styles,The core of Zhang Xuecheng’s local record theory is“local record is reliable historical”,“the local record is composited by three parts indepently.”If it needs to record some place’s literature ,it must set up calligraphy styles. Do this can understand what’s the meaning of the Ancient.Imitates the discipline of biographies to make the local record, imitates the discipline of the law typical cases to make the historical records, and imitates the discipline of the literature to make the thesis drafts. Three parts coordinate with each other, It will be error if anyone has been left.They must combine into one.At Qian-Jia Times, textual criticism has been the main academic,Zhang Xuecheng didn’t drift with the current, proposed that“the local record is the reliable historical account”, enhances the local record theory to the history category.Being in sharp opposition with textual criticism theory whose initiator is Daizhen,made Zhang’s the local record theory become a spot in the entire academic circle. Although it cannot meet as an equal with the higher textual criticism, but this kind of innovative ideology has been accepted gradually by the person, and Zhang Weiqi’s“Daming Xianzhi”,ZhouQi’s“Huolu Xianzhi”,Wang Weiping’s“Shishou Xianzhi”were all influenced by Zhang Xuecheng‘s writing theory in varying degrees.It don’t like some scholars said that nobody has patiented Zhang Xuecheng’s local recod theory at that time or later. After Republic of China establishes, esteemed by Liang Qichao, Zhang Xuecheng’s local record theory is“populous”rapidly. Its influence start to occupy mainstream status in the local record domain. Local record scientists of the Republic of China no matter inherits or the criticism, develops the good or discard the bad of the traditional local record theory,must all use Zhang’s theory.Zhang Xuecheng’s local record thought. And many outstanding person like Li Taifen, Fu Zhenlun, Li Jinxi, Chen Xunzheng, Yu Shaosong, their local record view, although receives from Zhang Xuecheng, can actually keep pace with the times, under the new historic condition, has realized to surmount Zhang Xuecheng’s local record thought.In brief, Zhang Xuecheng’s local record thought not only has the influence to its same time’s person, but transferred by the formerly relatively, impatiented to be holded populously, after entering Republic of China,obviously it has had the very tremendous influence on the later generation.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Local Chronicles
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