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The development of regional markets and their regional characteristics of the northwest border of the Northern Song Dynasty

Author: YangFangFang
Tutor: ZhangPing
School: Shaanxi Normal University
Course: Historical Geography
Keywords: Northern Song Dynasty Northwest along the border Market development Regional characteristics
CLC: K244
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 133
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The historical commercial geography as an important branch of the Historical Geography emerging is an important scientific study the history of the Earth's surface during the human relationship between commercial activities and a variety of geographic features. Research on the commercial geography of the historical period, the Ming and Qing previous study less, Northwest also more focused on the study of the development of agriculture and handicrafts and merchandise trade. In this paper, the activities of the Northern Song Dynasty minorities frequent war Changfa northwest border regions as the study area, hoping to be able to explore the market trade on the northwest border regions multiethnic Strip. In this paper, the Northern Song Dynasty Song Xia conduct of the war as well as the Northern Song Dynasty of the activities of the Tibetan and other ethnic minorities, a comprehensive analysis of the first on the northwest border of the objective situation in the Northern Song Dynasty. The northwest region of the Northern Song Dynasty, especially the boundaries of the areas adjacent to the Western Xia Dynasty and the Tubo and other ethnic minorities often change, the Dangxiang as the mainstay of the Western Xia regime, the rise and compete for closely related. Areas During the mutual border regions of the two sides in the war to win over the northwest border regions of the Northern Song Dynasty formed a complicated situation environment. Throughout the northwest frontier areas, a large number of Tibetan tribes and party items Qiang Department of Diaspora, Song Xia forefront of the struggle against the power of their own. Song summer war environment, the Northwest traffic conditions also occurred change impact to the economic development of the frontier zone and market trade. In addition, from the importance of consideration of the Northwest Territories, the Northern Song Dynasty government in border Zhu Lu implement the measures conducive to the Northwest economy and market, mostly for the needs of the military struggle, but also promote the development of the northwest border market. Second in the Reorganizing the basis of historical data on paper is divided into three parts of the northwest border market developments are Lu Yan Road border, Hing Road, Central, along the border, and Qin Feng Jing backtrack along the border, the three regions. Lu Yan Road, along the border of the extension of the state and security army in the the direct border zone of the Northern Song Dynasty and Western Xia, war, war is a greater impact on the regional economy. Here due to the natural conditions, to be independent pay substantial military supply and demand there is a certain degree of difficulty mainly accounted for by transport materials inside, into the businessman, the extension of the state as the center of activities in the minority nationalities live together Fortresses in the formation of a regional market. Security Army Song Xiaguan square exchange channel is Song Xiaguan square Monopolizing field In addition to the official designated goods and other commodities also permit civil Kisaichi to show the economic ties between the Central Plains of national and ethnic minorities in non-war period. Huanqing road along the border are Rong and Tibetan Areas During the number of Fortresses along the construction of more and more before the fall of the Lingzhou in order to maintain the smooth flow of the spiritual state between Xiao Guan Road. However, the fall in Lingzhou change this situation. After the fall of the spiritual state, the loss of Huanqing along the channel's role as an international commodity exchanges, is reflected in the exchange of internal communication and with Zhufan Ministry. The Qin Feng Road Jing backtrack border natural conditions better than the previous two border is for a greater degree of freedom of the Tibetan tribes, and a certain distance from the Western Xia sector, the Northern Song Dynasty in the late pioneering Building the border market pioneering territory the process of continuous development. Town Rong Jun market, relying Wonju in Wiltshire for the rear the Deshun military market, Qinzhou focus his Management Road all markets are very prosperous, inextricably linked with the region's natural environment and the ethnic composition of relationship. Finally, on the basis of a comprehensive analysis of the entire northwest border market overview. There are a lot of trade patterns in the northwest border of the market, the market exists in various forms, showing the unique characteristics of the area in the complex political and military situation.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Feudal society ( 475 BC - AD 1840 ) > Sui and Tang period ( 581 ~ 1840 ) > Song : Northern Song Dynasty ( 960 ~ 1127 )
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