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Study on Attention Characteristcs of Chinese Paralympic Table Tennis Players

Author: GaoHong
Tutor: WangZuoHai
School: Shandong Normal University
Course: Physical Education and Training
Keywords: Table tennis players in Paralympic Games attention span Attention of stability attention allocatio attention transfer
CLC: G846
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 8
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Abstract


"Attention" is a kind of mental activity with sense of orientation and centralizationon on one object. It is a kind of ability in athletic sports that one can foucus on surrounding and hints related with action performance, and this kind of ability can last for some time. What’s more, it’s important psychological quality for sport players to ensure their outstanding performances. There will be varied interference factors in competition, especially in table tennis competition. So, only those who can pay their attention which is undivided to the competition itself can really make quick reaction and correct decision.Chinese paralympic table tennis team is special and glorious. During 2008 Beijing Paralympic Games, they had made proud success with the precious spirit of hard struggle, strived unceasingly, which make us unforgettable even today. This paper studies on attention characteristics of Chinese Paralympic table tennis players through numerous methods, which is to make sense on how to make fourther success in 2012 London Paralympic Games.In the paper, the author, according to experiences of psychological counseling on paralympic table tennis players, first puts forward questions with critical thinking, then makes elementary discussion on the questions in which qualitative analysis(observational method and delphitechnique) is used, at last analyses the data got during Psychological Measurement with method of quantitative analysis. The subjects of this study are 31 table tennis players plan to attend the 2012 London Paralympic Games in British,31 Serie D members,40 ordinary college table tennis players who are in special table tennis team. We study on their attention characteristics(attention span, attention of stability, attent ion allocation, attention transfer) comparatively according to Yin Heng-chang’s Attention Test, and we find that:(1) Paralympic Table tennis players have better ability of attent ion allocation than Serie D members; but they have worse ability of attention span than Serie D members, no less to say ordinary college players in special table tennis team. Ordinary college players in special table tennis teams have better ability of attent ion allocation than those of Serie D members; the ordinary college players in special table tennis teams have much wider attention span than that of Serie D members; and they have better ability of attention transfer than that of Serie D members. (2) As the year of training lasts, the players attention span would decreases successively, but their attention transfer and flexibility would improve gradually. For the different educational backgrounds, college players shows wider attention span than those of senior students, and much wider than those of junior students. Men have wider attention span than that of women’s which shows no statistical difference; Women have better qulity of attention stability than that of men.(3) Among the different teams, the players in wheelchair teams have less attention span than those in standing teams; and memnbers in wheelchair teams have better attention stability than those in standing teams. Among different classes, the attention span of TT7、TT9、TT10 members is wider than that of TT2、TT4. As for the different competition levels, those in champin teams have better attention stability and transfer than that of non-champin teams, which is also no statistical difference.(4) Fixed number of traning years and educational background interact the player’s attention allocation and attention transfer, but the two have no effect on attention stability.(5) As for the ways of attention, the paralympic teams are better than those in college players teams. It shows that the paralympic team players have wide internal attention and narrow effective attention. The OIT of paralympic players are twice of others’.(6) The attention transfer of paralympic table tennis players can improve through obtain relaxation technique, image training, attention transfer training, multi-ply training and so on. Meanwhile, the ablility of attention transfer can be taken as main index of talent selection, also main symbol of scentific tranining.

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