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A Study of High-risk Behavior and Intervention for Aids of Female Sexual Worker in Low Grade Pleace

Author: SongHong
Tutor: WangYang
School: Chongqing Medical University
Course: Social Medicine and Public Health Management
Keywords: Low-level places Female sex workers AIDS Intervention Qualitative / quantitative
CLC: R183
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 81
Quote: 1
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Abstract


Objective: To understand the current situation of the the Chongqing urban low-level place female sex workers in AIDS knowledge, attitudes, behavior, change their high-risk sexual behavior, and efforts to explore for the target population of STD and AIDS prevention and boot the target population to change high-risk sexual behavior, seek medical attention effective methods of the behavior of health education and behavioral intervention, and to evaluate the feasibility of the intervention of female sex workers in the target place, to provide a scientific basis for future wide range of high-risk groups of STD and AIDS health education and behavioral intervention. Method: using a combination of quantitative and qualitative, quantitative survey to the WTO, the Ministry of Health, National Center for Disease Control AIDS infection route based on the reference design their own \Questionnaire \Qualitative survey site observation, personal in-depth interviews, focus group interviews to collect characteristics of each place, a place within the organizational forms of commercial sexual services and trading characteristics of the target population, prevention needs. Intervention and post-intervention surveys and baseline survey of the same questionnaire, and intervention methods can be implemented through the issuance of condoms and AIDS prevention brochures provided by the Centers for Disease Control in Chongqing intervention materials that type of crowd assessment. Results: It is a low level of commercial sexual services establishments gradually increased, such as small hotels, teahouses gradually into the industry, such establishments hidden high, the investigating officers at hard-to-reach, even close to the rear, it is difficult to obtain the trust of the target population, difficult to carry out survey work. The youngest 16 years old, 46 years old, 20 years old to 35 years old, accounting for 86.56%, the median age is 21.4 years, low education level, accounting for 56.30% level of education, mainly in primary school, junior high school education accounted for 34.45 only 13%, high school and college education, illiteracy. Marital Status: Married 42.43%, 31.93% in unmarried cohabitation 20.59%, divorced or widowed 12. They are low awareness of AIDS transmission and prevention knowledge, failed AIDS total awareness rate of 49.96%, and the three major routes of transmission of awareness followed by mother-to-child transmission of 85.29%; blood-borne 64.29% 67.64% use condoms on a healthy-looking person is contagious AIDS awareness low as 32.78%, whether the spread of AIDS awareness minimum of a mosquito bite, is 22.69%. Use and less use of condoms in commercial sex in the past month, accounting for 36.55%. Low condom use. The reproductive, urinary symptoms in the past six months, accounting for 74.48%, to regular medical institutions for medical treatment, accounting for 19.33%. AIDS prevention knowledge among the target population is improved through intervention, condom use has also been improved, and attitude towards AIDS With a good change. Relatively high level of human resources in a number of cultural development, and through the investigation in place within the established network of relationships to prevent the spread of AIDS, in order to ensure the sustainable development of similar work to proceed smoothly and intervention work. Conclusion: The higher the health needs of female sex workers in the establishment of low-level AIDS, the class crowd AIDS awareness and route of transmission is low awareness, error rate, a higher proportion of HIV infection risk behaviors, the presence of the AIDS epidemic potential dangerous, we must intensify its AIDS prevention intervention, intervention should prove effective method based on previous literature, to achieve a more comprehensive system of public education, should also be in accordance with the characteristics of this population more targeted sexual comprehensive interventions.

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CLC: > Medicine, health > Preventive Medicine,Health > Epidemiology and Prevention of Disease > Communicable Disease Prevention
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