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The Research of Influences of Individual Characteristics on Physical Activities

Author: ZuoZhongHong
Tutor: XuZhiPing
School: Anhui University of Engineering
Course: Humane and Sociological Science of Sports
Keywords: Female College Students Physical Participation Individual Characteristics Colleges Yangtze River in Anhui Province
CLC: G807.4
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 144
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With the data from questionnaires, statistic analyses,library research and expert interviews, this paper investigates the influences of individual characteristics on physical activities of female college students of Yangtze River region in Anhui Province.To sum up, I find the Characteristics of Individual and Physical Activities as follows:1.General features of physical activities of female college students in this area:Compared with the high level of national participation in sports, data show that female college students of Yangtze River region in Anhui Province have a lower intention of involving in physical activities by significant number. Some female college students hold an improper time arrangements for their sports.In terms of activity types,the female college students are unwilling to take part in competitive and challenging physical activities.The majority of female college students of Yangtze River region in Anhui Province has no experience in sports clubs or societies.2.Individual characteristics of female college students in this area:in general,informants of the research show a low level of self motivations in physical activities.The efficiency of overcoming obstacles is at the bottom of the list.Female college students generally have a positive attitude towards physical activities and data show a small variety. The value of physical activities is widely accepted by these female college students.Most female college students are from rural area. Their parents have received little education and hold a low income.Physical education is the least part in the family activities. Most parents never consider it in their whole life. Basically, female college students are healthy in terms of physical shape.There are few students with chronic diseases or physical disabilities.Data show a low proportion of female college students from one child families in this area. This is due to the fact that many students are from rural families.In Bivariate Correlations analysis and Multivariate Analyses,I find: Among various individual psychological characteristics,the efficiency of overcoming obstacles, seeking help and attitudes have a positive effect on the participation in physical activities.In addition, household income and parents’physical activities have significant importance to the students’ participation in physical activities.Grades in schools have an important impact as well.On the contrary, the following factors have little influence on students’participation in physical activities:efficiency of seeking supports,residence, whether she is from a one child family, physical shapes,diseases, and specialties, and so on.The conclusions are as follows:1.In general,female college students of Yangtze River region in Anhui Province have a low level of self motivations in physical activities.In fact, self motivations have significant importance in sports participation. It is the job of PE teachers and school authorities to enhance their self motivations in physical activities.2.Another influential factor is students’attitudes towards physical activities.Although their attitudes are generally positive, the standard deviation shown in our statistic analysis is moderately large, which means a considerable number of students have negative attitudes towards physical activities.Therefore, school authorities should try every means to improve students’emotional and cognitive attitudes.3.It is a fact that many female college students in Yangtze River region in Anhui Province are form rural areas.Their parents have received few education and have no habit of taking exercises.Actually, the majority of the parents never take part in any physical activity. Hence, female students are lacking family influence in terms of sports.They cannot form the habit of taking part in physical exercise naturally. More PE facilities are needed in the school.Sports clubs of female students will be another good idea.4.For the same reason as stated in the last one, the PE course should take the needs of female students from countryside into consideration. A copy of the syllabus in other colleges in developed areas will definitely do no good for them.The present study is important in practical and theoretical to further optimization of PE management system and explore how to increase sports participation of female students and cultivate good habits.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Sports > Sports theory > Physical Education > College Physical Education
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