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Tacit Knowledge enhance independent innovation capability Mechanism and Countermeasures

Author: ChenJia
Tutor: ZhangJiGuang
School: Hebei Normal
Course: Philosophy of Science and Technology
Keywords: Tacit Knowledge Independent innovation capability Mechanism Countermeasure
CLC: F273.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 169
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the mid-20th century, with the rapid development of electronic information technology, information industry has become a pillar industry of social development, followed by information and knowledge has become an important strategic resource. At the same time, humanity has entered a new era is different from the industrial economy economy - the knowledge economy era. In the era of knowledge economy, knowledge becomes and production, both labor resources and dynamically throughout all aspects of material production, fully permeate all aspects of social life, to become the engine of economic development is the key to value-added products, is to improve the standard of living of the key. Therefore, the establishment of a new Knowledge Values ??imperative. In the party's congress, President Hu Jintao will enhance independent innovation to new heights of national development strategies, clearly states that \Countries represent the main macro-level innovation, the enterprise is the basic unit of social economy enterprises innovation is at the micro level of independent innovation interpretations enterprise independent innovation capability is the ability to enhance national innovation an important guarantee. In the era of knowledge economy, knowledge is the process of independent innovation of enterprises an important resource, its role even in the production and labor, is a strategic resource for independent innovation, innovation resources. Enterprises effective access to knowledge resources, make full use of and innovation, enterprise gain sustainable competitiveness of the key. Therefore, the enterprise independent innovation is the key to knowledge innovation. British Jewish physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanyi first time the human knowledge into explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge. Explicit knowledge as text, graphics, etc. have been coded, systematic form, having unascertained, easy to acquire through communication, sharing and integration; tacit knowledge is often difficult to pass language, text, images, etc. formalized knowledge , is a presence in the minds of people highly personalized, relatively subjective knowledge, it is rooted in human behavior itself, from practice and experience, subject to the constraints of their environment and background, easy communication, dissemination or sharing . With the rapid development of electronic information technology, we can obtain a large-scale electronic information channel explicit knowledge, and through its management information system to efficiently manage and use, and purposeful innovation. In our explicit knowledge acquisition, utilization and innovation achieved remarkable results and obtain economic benefits at the same time, we found that 90% of enterprise knowledge tacit knowledge, while only 10% is explicit knowledge. Companies often have attached great importance to the use of explicit knowledge, tacit knowledge is difficult because the expression is not easy to encode, transmit or share, is often ignored by most enterprises, or enterprises have noticed the existence of tacit knowledge, but because of its easy propagation or share the neglect of its management and utilization. Chinese scholars on the tacit knowledge of a late start, but the long-term in order to translate foreign literature dominated until the 1990s, half of the knowledge economy and knowledge management aspects of the problem, the contents of tacit knowledge before entering the Chinese perspective. Tacit knowledge is an important part of corporate knowledge and explicit knowledge with respect to priority, so companies update their knowledge is the key to the application of tacit knowledge and innovation. Independent innovation capability of independent innovation is manifested in the comprehensive ability. In view of independent innovation is the key to knowledge innovation, and enterprise knowledge sharing is the key update, circulation in the process of independent innovation enterprise applications tacit knowledge and innovation. Therefore, the enterprise independent innovation activities in and out of the capability of independent innovation, the formation and promotion is based on tacit knowledge acquisition and consolidation, exchange and sharing, liquidity and transformation, application and innovation cycle and spiraling cycle The. However, given the context of tacit knowledge dependency, unspeakable, non-systematic, monopoly and other characteristics, Tacit Knowledge Enterprises now has not been fully tapped and utilized. Therefore, this article will Tacit Knowledge and capability of independent innovation combine to enhance the capability of independent innovation explore the characteristics of tacit knowledge, and based on the characteristics of tacit knowledge, explore tacit knowledge to enhance the ability of independent innovation mechanism, meanwhile, puts forward tap and utilize tacit knowledge to enhance the independent innovation capability measures, which for enterprises only attach importance to explicit knowledge to overcome the neglect of tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge for advancing research to promote independent innovation theory research has important significance.

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