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Gratitude and Subjective Well-being: Examining the Mediated Effect and Moderated Effect

Author: MaLi
Tutor: DiXueWei
School: Nanjing University
Course: Applied Psychology
Keywords: gratitude subjective well-being social support coping style prosocial tendency positive emotion mediated effect moderated effect
CLC: B844.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 1091
Quote: 1
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Abstract


Psychologist had focused on the human’s pain experience and mental disorder over a long period of time. They started to explorer positive life with empirical research until the 20th century later, when psychologists began a movement aimed to initiate the research about positive psychology, headed by Seligaman who was the former President of APA. Both subjective well-being and gratitude are important fields of positive psychology. Gratitede has been traditional virtues of the Chinese nation since ancient times. Problem about "gratitede education" has caused for attention in present-day society. On the other hand, nowadays, people’s desire for happiness seems stronger than ever before. "Happiness" became one of the top 10 hot issues and the most exciting vocabulary in the NPC and CPPCC which satisfactorily concluded not long ago.On this discipline background and social background, the researcher did the research, with college students as the participant.391 students coming from college in Nanjing and Shijiazhuang were choosed using convenient sampling principle. Using the method of questionnaire, the relationship of gratitude and subjective well-being, the mediated mechanism and moderated mechanism between them were discussed. The main conclusions are as follows:(1) There is significant positive correlation between gratitude and subjective well-being, which is manifested in these aspects:there is significant positive correlation between gratitude and positive emotion, gratitude and life satisfaction and gratitude and general well-being; there is significantly negative correlation between gratitude and negative emotion.(2) Gratitude can predict subjective well-being to a certain extent.(3) Social support palys a mediator role between gratitude and subjective well-being partly, which is manifested in these aspects:social suppotr can show significant partial mediated effect when positive emotion, negative emotion, life satisfaction or general well-being as the dependent variable, all of which are dimensions of the subjective well-being.(4) Coping style palys a mediator role between gratitude and subjective well-being partly, which is manifested in these aspects:first, when positive coping style as mediator variable, negative emotion as dependent variable, there is no significant partial mediated effect between gtatitude and negative emotion; When positive emotion, life satisfaction and general well-being as dependent variable respectively, positive coping style shows partial mediated effect. Second, when negative positive coping style as mediator variable, positive emotion and life satisfaction as dependent variable, there is no significant partial mediated effect; When negative emotion and general well-being as dependent variable, there is significant partial mediated effect.(5) Prosocial tendency palys a mediator role between gratitude and subjective well-being partly, which is manifested in these aspects:when negative emotion as dependent variable, there is no significant partial mediated effect; when other dimensions of subjective well-being as the dependent variable, which are positive emotion, life satisfaction and general well-being, there is significant partial mediated effect.(6) Positive emotin palys a mediator role between gratitude and subjective well-being partly, which is manifested in these aspects:when negative emotion and general well-being as dependent variable, there is significant partial mediated effect; when life satisfaction as the dependent variable, there is significant fully mediated effect. (7) Emotional empathy shows faint moderated effect between gratitude and for subjective well-being. Only when negative emotion as dependent variable, the moderated effect emotional empathy showing is significant. When positive emotion, life satisfaction and general well-being as the dependent variable, there is no significant moderated effect.(8) Positive emotion shows no moderated effect between gratitude and for subjective well-being. When any dimentions of subjective well-being as dependent variable, there is no significant moderated effect.

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