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Of Tajikistan language policy and language status

Author: ZhangYuYan
Tutor: ZhangHongLi
School: Lanzhou University
Course: Russian Language and Literature
Keywords: Tajikistan Language policy Linguistic situation Language Development
CLC: H734
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 197
Quote: 1
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Abstract


As a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual country, the Government of Tajikistan, the language included in the construction of the nation which deconstructs language policy, the language policy of showing the diversified characteristics and a single language ideology, bilingual language ideology and multilingual language ideology rolled into one. However, from the actual situation, the three ideas are not in the balance of power in the state, the promulgation of the National Language Act of 2009 \hold a dominant position in the national language planning and thinking, specific performance: the Tajik status and function has been strengthened, but its spoken form hinder its development; Russians and the presence of a large number of Russian residents, Russian community plays an important role, but by the threat of \media are been some development; Persian, Dari, Arabic do not belong to the language of instruction, they use less media; the use of other languages ??are often limited to the nation within the informal social situations from the outside by the powerful The national language of threat. In addition to the language policy and language situation, there are some other factors that affect the development of the Tajik language. The three most important internal factors closeness between languages, the number of ethnic groups in the population, the the resident language selection psychological tendency to affect language development, and the involvement of neighboring countries, Islamic countries, the United States, China and other cultural forces are the main external factors. Under the combined effects of the above factors, the language of Tajikistan showing different development prospects: development of Tajik real choice, and the strengthening of its vitality is the trend; Uzbek and Kyrgyz short-term to maintain its original vitality, the greater the possibility of the development of the Kazakh and Turkmen direction toward recession; facing many challenges in the development of the Russian language in Tajikistan, its outlook is not optimistic; Arabic difficult to have a larger space for development in Tajikistan; English in Tajikistan The development will be to balance Russian forces limit; Chinese in a short period of Tajikistan is also difficult to have as big; facing difficulties survival of other languages, to increase the possibility of being assimilated. As a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual country, the Government of Tajikistan, the language included in the construction of the nation which deconstructs language policy, the language policy of showing the diversified characteristics and a single language ideology, bilingual language ideology and multilingual language ideology rolled into one. However, from the actual situation, the three ideas are not in the balance of power in the state, the promulgation of the National Language Act of 2009 \hold a dominant position in the national language planning and thinking, specific performance: the Tajik status and function has been strengthened, but its spoken form hinder its development; Russians and the presence of a large number of Russian residents, Russian community plays an important role, but by the threat of \media are been some development; Persian, Dari, Arabic do not belong to the language of instruction, they use less media; the use of other languages ??are often limited to the nation within the informal social situations from the outside by the powerful The national language of threat. In addition to the language policy and language situation, there are some other factors that affect the development of the Tajik language. The three most important internal factors closeness between languages, the number of ethnic groups in the population, the the resident language selection psychological tendency to affect language development, and the involvement of neighboring countries, Islamic countries, the United States, China and other cultural forces are the main external factors. Under the combined effects of the above factors, the language of Tajikistan showing different development prospects: development of Tajik real choice, and the strengthening of its vitality is the trend; Uzbek and Kyrgyz short-term to maintain its original vitality, the greater the possibility of the development of the Kazakh and Turkmen direction toward recession; facing many challenges in the development of the Russian language in Tajikistan, its outlook is not optimistic; Arabic difficult to have a larger space for development in Tajikistan; English in Tajikistan The development will be to balance Russian forces limit; Chinese in a short period of Tajikistan is also difficult to have as big; facing difficulties survival of other languages, to increase the possibility of being assimilated.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Indo-European > Iranian language family > Tajik language
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