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Comparative Research on Beijing and Shanghai’s Minimum Standard of Living System for Urban Populations

Author: ZhaoWeiWei
Tutor: GeMan
School: Capital University of Economics
Course: Social Security
Keywords: Minimum Standard of Living System Urban Populations Comparison
CLC: D632.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 339
Quote: 2
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Abstract


With the deepening of reform and opening-up policy,great changes have taken place in the structure and size of economy and social structure,especially after 90’s in 20 centuries,the economic system reform is aimed at the establishment of socialist market economy,with the rapidly deepening of reform and the intensification of state-run enterprises’ reform.There is a rapid increase in the poor population among workers and employees,the laid-off,the job less,the retirees,especially in the process of readjusting the ownership structures,establishing the modern enterprise system,and improving the structures and codes of distribution,which appears to be a new issue facing the urban assistance.It is urgent to reform and perfect the traditional social security system,for its narrow coverage,low standard,non-standard working system,and inability to adapt to the new requirements of the socialist market economy.The Scheme of Minimum Standard of living,forming the "three-stage guarantee "together with the old-age insurance system and the system of basic cost of living allowance for the laid-off workers and the unemployment insurance,is playing an ever-important role as a new type of social assistance system and the last "Safety Net" of the Social Security System.This thesis introduced the basic theories of the Scheme of Minimum Standard of living first,analyzing the theories of the domestic and international society assistance at present,introduced the history of the establishment of the Minimum Standard of living system,compares the patterns of Minimum standard of living between Beijing and Shanghai,look back these two cities’ the history and the current system frame and situation of the Scheme,and an analysis is made of the scheme itself and the problems existing in the functioning of the scheme,,the thesis suggests some strategies for further developing and perfecting the scheme from several aspects.building comprehensive social security system to guarantee the system perfect further.The thesis used analytical method,which is divided into six part totally.Chapter 1 is a preface,introduced the theories and realistic backgrounds,the way of thinking and methods,the frame and main contents of the thesis.Chapter 2 introduced the foundation of the Minimum Standard of living system,the meaning of the city poverty,our country traditional society,and the research of city poverty by foreign,the development of city poverty with different angle and periods respectively.Chapter 3 introduced the history background of the establishment and development on the system.Chapter 4 compares the minimum standard of living between Beijing and Shanghai,patterns,management of mode, guarantee standard and so on.And get some experience.Chapter 5 analyze the existent problem of Beijing and Shanghai’s Minimum Standard of Living System for Urban Populations,analyze the problem of they have personality and commonness.Chapter 6 is based on the problem of Beijing and Shanghai’s system,suggests some strategies for further developing and perfecting the scheme from several aspects to guarantee the system perfect further from the height of the whole country.Chapter 7 makes a conclusion and prospect.

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