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The Research of Government-run Sacrifical Offering in the Period of Japan’s Second Occupation in Qingdao

Author: ZhaoYueChao
Tutor: XiuBin
School: Ocean University of China
Course: Historical Geography
Keywords: Japan Qingdao Government-run sacrifice Cultural policy
CLC: K892.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 60
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Qingdao region since ancient times has a rich religious and cultural traditions, have a deep accumulation of Poseidon belief, faith Confucius, Guan Gong beliefs, the spirits had a profound impact on the local people's daily lives. The second Japanese occupation of Qingdao, in order to consolidate his rule, the people under occupation a willing obedient Japanese rulers in the occupied territories as the charging of a war of aggression, adopted a series of domination methods and means. Take political, economic measures, and the implementation of a series of cultural policy, trying to control people mentally. Its control of the means of broadly include two aspects: one, relying on the use of force, direct intervention; Second, establish a framework indirectly guide. This paper discusses the government-run sacrifice is a typical example of Japan indirectly guide means, within the scope of Japan's cultural policy, the puppet government perform its will. Puppet government (Qingdao municipal government) held in the reign of Qingdao during the the three festival: comfort Ling Ji Ji Confucius, Ji Cheng Wang Wu, comfort spiritual sacrifices transplantation of Japanese culture, Confucius Worship and Ji Wu of traditional Chinese faith utilization transformation. Three festival is not the Qingdao region-specific, is also more common in other areas of North China. Japanese occupation of North China, in the face of the occupied areas continue to rise in the anti-Japanese national salvation ideology and Western democratic ideas, to develop guiding principles for action that \This will restore the spirit of the East \Naturally as the Japanese puppet government control in North China North China puppet regime will make every effort to implement this policy with So Instructions form of force around the implementation of such policies and practices, the puppet government through the development of strong policy intervention folk beliefs, guide their play on the soldiers and civilians of enlightenment role, strengthening pseudo-government of the \The so-called Datong society. The particularly Qingdao municipal government in order to achieve the purpose of deceiving the people, to take all available means, such as newspapers, radio and other media, publicity Japanese \The Confucius, movies, organize school in JiangTaiGong open lectures will be workshops, organizing the delegation went to Qufu, hometown of Confucius to visit and study. The face of the puppet regime, all the publicity, the different reactions of the various social strata. The contemporaneous newspaper, field survey, a comprehensive recovery out of the scene of the three government-run festival scene, including the organizers, the basic situation of the invited participants and the general public. Willing to act as a puppet of the organizers of wearing the mask of hypocrisy, dressed faithful Pious, only to let the world admiring; invited to parties under the arrangement of the puppet government, forced high to applaud; Some of honest citizens and did not see the truth, to be deceived by In addition, these three sacrifice the effectiveness of the policy point of view, the most effective course ought to honor Confucius. The reason is, on the one hand, the impact of China's traditional culture, on the other hand is a different way of government propaganda and publicity. From a general point of view, the Puppet Government carefully planned and organized, and the use of religion for war service, although the festival has played a certain effect, but does not fully achieve the intended purpose. Protracted quagmire, the continuous awakening of the national consciousness of the Chinese people, the power of the Sino-Japanese War propaganda reasons because the Japanese caught in the war, the Japanese law and order in war has been greatly hindered by mentally control, including the government-run festival slavery Qingdao people's cultural policy of aggression also ultimately ended in failure.

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