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Reproduction Intentions of the First Generation of Only Child in Shanghai and Their Influencing Factors

Author: LiGaoYuan
Tutor: WuRuiJun
School: East China Normal University
Course: Demographic
Keywords: The first generation of only children Fertility Intention Influencing factors
CLC: C924.21
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 368
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The first generation of only children large-scale entry into reproductive life, marking the formation of the one-child \Shanghai is the most serious national one-child ratio of the highest degree of aging, only child a large scale into the social impact of marriage age, its breadth and depth will be much higher than in other cities and regions of the country. Fertility will carry out the first generation of only children and its influencing factors, help to grasp the future fertility trends and demographic changes, and provide a scientific basis for the perfect birth policy. The papers in the draw on the basis of the research on, Minhang District, Shanghai, for example, the use of the differences of the different groups of fertility desire to examine the relationship between fertility desire and fertility policy, econometric analysis to determine factors affecting fertility wishes. Paper is divided into five chapters: the first chapter is the introduction, mainly on the research background, definition, research method, characteristics and innovation; second chapter is the theoretical basis of the study, fertility inclination and impact of domestic and international factors research a more comprehensive overview of the basic theory of the sort, for the third and fourth chapters of research theory foreshadowing; Chapter willingness fertility characteristics of Shanghai, the only child of analysis, to the Minhang District, for example from The four dimensions of the wishes of fertility research wishes fertility characteristics summarized; Chapter fertility inclination of the influencing factors analysis, Minhang findings further impact factors of the number of the wishes of children and the willingness of Sex analysis; Chapter conclusion, from a practical level thinking on the future direction of China's current family planning policy. In this paper, the main points are as follows: an only child for the younger generation on the fertility desire and behavior showed the following characteristics: First, the one-child average ideal number of children was 1.38, more births will be born one child, born number of child wishes to replace; Second, the only child of the sex of the child is not a clear preference, has played down the idea of ??the inferiority of women, but there is still a certain extent in the two births boy tendencies; contemporary young people, although the actual fertility older than expected advance of childbearing age, but the trend of delayed marriage and childbearing has been very obvious, and fertility to diverse trends. Factors affecting the first generation of personal fertility inclination: (1) the quantity of different characteristic elements such as gender, age, accounts, education level of the wishes of children with important influence the Second Birth willingness with qualifications change presents two low in the middle of the \reproductive behavior of women; increase with age, especially in the \concepts have faded, but the low-income groups out of change poverty status considerations, the more obvious preference for boys; (4) for the parent-child experience the feeling of a different sex, the more strongly the wishes of the \raise the level of expectations increase. Childbearing Desires for Shanghai the only child of their marriage and childbearing status quo, it is recommended that the adjustment of fertility policy should still be fine-tuning to be put on hold, and actively explore new family planning interest-oriented mechanism.

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CLC: > Social Sciences > Demographic > Investigation and research of the world population > China's population > Population policy and institutional
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