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Un Conte De Désillusion--Une étude Sur <Candide, Ou L’optimisme> De Voltaire

Author: HeCanXin
Tutor: WangHuiDe
School: Shanghai International Studies University
Course: French Language and Literature
Keywords: Voltaire Optimism Leibniz Eighteenth century Pessimists Lisbon Constantine Enlightenment France Rousseau
CLC:
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 213
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Abstract


Voltaire ( 1694-1778 ) is a world-renowned writer , philosopher, quick-witted , writing rich . Eighteenth -century French Enlightenment bearer , known as \\Any good works are conceived of an era , \It was Voltaire to Rousseau the \The author strongly criticized Leibniz 's philosophy of optimism . This paper analyzes three aspects studied this book . First , this paper introduces the main characters in the book and the story outline and analyze a den off Vincent Pronk castle, El Dorado , and three locations in the fields of Constantinople blindly optimistic hero of honest people to mature the process of symbolic significance. Maturation process of honest people thought that he abandon Leibniz optimism , refused to become pessimists , and choose a practical compromise attitude to life in the process . Voltaire in Candide 's journey through arrangements made ??him a large number of natural disasters are no longer blindly optimistic, but did not let the hero toward pessimism , because optimism and pessimism is consistent to some extent , both a kind of extreme attitude , refused to face reality, to improve the situation . Only by maintaining a moderate and objective attitude to solve the problem . Secondly, this paper describes the analysis of Rousseau and Voltaire controversy between the origin and content. In the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the city's residents numerous casualties, the city was severely damaged . Voltaire deeply feeling, wrote \Rousseau is convinced that God's mercy and wisdom, he wrote to Voltaire refute it in the \Voltaire wrote \Finally, the book Voltaire writing process, but also expose , criticize the eighteenth century European social problems in the process . In this paper, Voltaire , \Meanwhile, the paper also briefly describes some of Voltaire's personal life hardships . To a certain extent , Voltaire also expressed in the book of the world and life disillusionment .

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