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Analysis and Recommendations on Influencing Factors of Geriatric Depression in the Communities of Changzhi

Author: LeiDongLan
Tutor: ZhangAiLian
School: Shanxi Medical
Course: Social Medicine and Health Management
Keywords: Old people Depression Influencing factors
CLC: R749.4
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 49
Quote: 0
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Objective: As China has entered the aging society, the problems of the elderly is a more prominent issue, expected by mid-century, there will be an elderly person in every three Chinese people [1]. Therefore, the health status and quality of life of the elderly population caused the concern and attention of all sectors of society, has also become an important work of the health sector. Depression is the most common in the elderly the most severe mental disorders, is increasingly becoming a serious social and public health problems. This study was a cross-sectional survey of a community geriatric depression in Changzhi, understand the population distribution of Changzhi a community geriatric depression, compare different gender elderly depression prevalence level, to explore the influencing factors of elderly depression, in order to further explore active and effective community-based prevention and intervention measures to provide a scientific basis. Method for the study: 60 years of age or older to Changzhi a community with computer automatic diagnosis system (AGECAT) elderly mental health status scale (GMS) and self-designed impact factor scale household survey . By the clinicians see CCMD-3 make a fitting diagnosis and DSM-IV scale screening of suspected cases of depression. All information entered into the computer using Excel software, SPSS13.0 statistical software for the analysis of the results. Descriptive analysis, X. Test, single factor logistic and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: The survey Changzhi City, a community 60 years of age or older 856 people, 165 of them refused to answer all the problems, so the actual number 691. 691 people 55.9% were male and 44.1% female. The age distribution :60-70-year-old 206, accounting for 29.8%, 71-80 years of age is 403, accounting for 58.3% over the age of 81 and 82, accounting for 11.7%. Single 160 people, accounting for 23.2%, in marriage, 521, accounting for 75.4%. Cadres / businessman 448, accounting for 64.8% of the 138 workers, accounting for 20% of the farmers, accounting for 1.3%, the other 86 people, accounting for 12.4%. Cultural extent of illiteracy among 76 people accounted for 11% of primary school 89 (12.9%), junior 180 people, accounting for 26.05%, high school, 279, accounting for 40.4%, more than 133 people in the college, accounting for 19.2%. 20 male depression, women with depression and 37. Chi-square test shows: gender, marital status, occupation, education, outdoor activities, life satisfaction situation, state of health, heart disease, diabetes, vision problems, settlement patterns, friends exchange neighbor exchange health change, economic hardship, the death of their loved ones, stolen, conflict between friends, afraid of experience, the number of negative events, and activities of daily living ability were statistically significant. Conclusion: The prevalence of one of the community of women was significantly higher than male prevalence, the higher the education level, the prevalence of depression in older people with low education level is lower than. Single factor logistic regression analysis showed: age, sex, education, marital status, outdoor activities, worry about children, life satisfaction and self-assessment, economic income of self-assessment, and health status of the self-assessment, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, epilepsy, cancer, hearing problems, physical illness, the number of religious beliefs, settlement patterns, get help, trusted friends and friends, neighbors exchange, health change, economic hardship, the death of their loved ones, unpleasant / sad, the number of negative events, activities of daily living impact of geriatric depression. Over three factors: the worry that their children never to communicate with loved ones and friends exchange once a month, the economic difficulties and the number of negative events are the influencing factors of elderly depression, poor self-rated health, hearing asked. 4 The diagnostic system for elderly depression diagnosis has good reliability and validity.

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CLC: > Medicine, health > Neurology and psychiatry > Psychiatry > Affective psychosis
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