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An Analysis of US Dollar Hegemony and China’s Response Strategies

Author: YinJia
Tutor: ZuoXiuLing
School: Shandong University
Course: International political
Keywords: U.S. Dollar Hegemony International monetary system Renminbi Strategies
CLC: F123
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 528
Quote: 4
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Abstract


In recent years, the U.S. to issue dollar bill to buy the world's point of view, is hotly debated by academics and policy authorities. Overview relevant literature, a variety of academic perspectives and policy recommendations are divided, but the majority of the literature ignore the objective facts of the complexity of today's international monetary system, the dollar hegemony, but also the lack of dollar hegemony system under the conditions of China's system of coping strategies research. In today's era, the era of American global domination by virtue of dollar hegemony. The world is under the domination of the U.S. dollar hegemony system, especially the vast number of developing countries in the international monetary system, the living space is quite narrow. Standing on the height of a national strategy, deep thinking dollar hegemony detailed explore the overall strategy and the specific ways to respond to the U.S. dollar hegemony, to explore survival techniques under dollar hegemony, seeking maximum living space, to seek the best interests of the country, is today the most urgent, the most major issue. This article closely integrate the objective facts of the hegemony of the U.S. dollar in the international monetary system and China's national conditions, to the the dollar hegemony historical development trajectory for clues as the main power structure analysis, the strength of the U.S. economy, the U.S. currency strategy, the impact of the international monetary cooperation against the U.S. hegemony resolve the relationship between changes in U.S. economic strength and the dollar's status changes, as well as the U.S. dollar hegemony on the world's economic and political influence, and through the analysis of the main competitive currency challenges of the euro against the U.S. dollar and looking forward to the evolution trend of the U.S. dollar hegemony and the International Monetary pattern variable . Finally, the analysis of the impact of the dollar hegemony, and possible coping strategies. The paper is divided into three parts, introduction, body and conclusions which the body structure is divided into four chapters. This article some of the themes and main ideas are as follows: The first is the introduction. Overview of the theoretical value and practical significance of the topic, the dollar hegemony research literature on the domestic and foreign scholars are reviewed briefly describes the the article path of thinking and research methods, summarized the main innovation of this paper and inadequacies. The first chapter sets forth the dollar hegemony and its historical evolution process. In this paper, on the basis of previous studies, the concept of dollar hegemony redefined; subsequently examined the history and current status of the U.S. dollar hegemony. Dollar hegemony experienced Establishment and fluctuations and adjust to revitalize and strengthen the three stages. In U.S. dollars for the center of the Bretton Woods system established the dollar hegemony basic established signs, and ultimately to the collapse of the Bretton Woods system with the changes in the world's political and economic situation, However, the dollar hegemony has not this end. Jamaica system, the dollar hegemony is adjusted to a certain extent recovery, and presents to revive the trend. The architecture of the international monetary system, the presentation of the \The second chapter builds the theoretical framework of this paper, the theoretical analysis focused on the U.S. dollar hegemony to start on. The content includes the nature of the international monetary system, the combing and definition of new theoretical concepts of analysis of international political arrangements of the international monetary system and the dollar hegemony. The nature of the international monetary system is the hegemonic system, the system has a crucial impact the financial hegemony countries, its currency is the basis of the global financial relationship. Institutional arrangements in the international monetary system, international political theory, interdependence theory and hegemonic stability theory this gives a better explanation. In recent years, some scholars in the West \Third chapter specifically discusses the impact of the U.S. dollar hegemony and its prospects. The one hand, systematic analysis of the economic impact of the U.S. dollar hegemony: dollar hegemony, not only to maintain the balanced functioning of the U.S. economy, the greatest extent on the possession of the fruits of his country's economic development, but also to control the world's economic lifeline. Abuse of dollar hegemony also have a negative impact on the United States itself and the world, leading to the serious imbalance of world economic development. On the other hand to clarify the political influence of the U.S. dollar hegemony: U.S. dollar hegemony huge economic interests of its achieved hegemony has played a very important role in the international political situation. In the the current dollar dominated international monetary system, the start of the Euro to some extent challenge the dollar's dominant position, with the multi-polarization of the world economy to adapt to the evolution of the international monetary situation will eventually be moving towards multipolarity. The fourth chapter focuses on the strategy of China's response to the U.S. hegemony. This chapter on the overall strategy and specific means of how to deal with the system of dollar hegemony system, including the coping strategies of the RMB exchange rate issue: the expansion of domestic demand, to achieve the transformation of economic growth mode, adhere to the initiative, controllability and gradual principles for reform of the RMB exchange rate to adjust the currency in the currency basket and the weights of the various currencies; foreign exchange reserves management strategy: the implementation of a positive foreign exchange reserve management policies to promote foreign exchange reserves, diversified investment structure, reasonable choice of the foreign exchange reserves investment direction, control the scale of foreign exchange reserves growth; China's participation in the implementation of the international monetary and financial cooperation: safeguarding the sovereignty and security of the country's monetary and financial, attaches great importance to monetary and financial diplomacy, understand, master and apply the rules of the internationalization of the RMB. Finally, there is the full text of the conclusions. Through the analysis of the previous chapter, we can get the following conclusions: the essence of dollar hegemony is a geopolitical phenomenon, already internalized in global economic growth and affecting world peace and development of each nerve oriented mechanisms; dollar hegemony and the United States there is consistency of economic strength in the direction of change, plays a decisive role in the U.S. economic strength of the U.S. dollar hegemony; euro starts to become the dollar major competitors and the biggest challenge of the U.S. dollar hegemony, along with the development of multi-polarization of the world economy, the International Monetary pattern the polarization trend after all, will be unstoppable; Chinese government in order to effectively deal with the U.S. dollar hegemony, it is necessary to take positive measures in the RMB exchange rate policy, foreign exchange reserves management policy, as well as participate in the international monetary and financial cooperation path selection.

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CLC: > Economic > The world economic profiles,economic history,economic geography > China's economy > National economic plan and its management
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