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The Effect of Feeling of Rightness and Wrongness on Judgment Task

Author: ZhangBo
Tutor: GeLuJia
School: Jilin University
Course: Applied Psychology
Keywords: feeling of rightness feeling of wrongness regulatory fit regulatory focus the elaboration likelihood model
CLC: B842
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 50
Quote: 1
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Abstract


We should do a lot of judgments in the real world, so the accuracy of judgment is very important for us. For a long time, people mainly use the method of rational analysis and logical reasoning to improve the accuracy of judgment, and people don’t realize the value of non-rational method. But a lot of studies have shown that by using the non-rational method people can make judgment with little time and effort, and it won’t reduce the accuracy of judgment. One of the important research approaches is to study the effect of subjective experience as feedback on judgment tasks. In another word, people can use their own feelings as heuristic cue to decide whether their judgment accurate enough. This argument has been widely confirmed. So we can assume that people can use the feeling of rightness and wrongness to decide whether their judgment accurate enough. One source of rightness or wrongness feelings is experiencing a good or a poor fit between one’s regulatory focus and one’s goal pursuit strategies.We examine the effect of feeling of rightness and wrongness on correct behavior in judgment task, and discuss the mechanism of regulatory fit effect from the perspective of information processing further. We assume that when an accuracy motive is activated people who experience regulatory fit is much more likely to correct their judgment for bias than people who experience regulatory nonfit, but when they’re led to attribute their feelings of rightness or wrongness to the earlier task the regulatory fit effect will be eliminated. We also assume that people who experience regulatory fit tend to use peripheral route to process information during judgment making, and people who experience regulatory nonfit tend to use central route to process information during judgment making.One hundred and five students participate in this research. We use a correction procedure similar to that used by Richard E. Petty and Duane T. Wegener to design three 2×2 experiments between subjects. The results of this research supported our primary hypothesis that people can use the feeling of rightness and wrongness to make judgment, and when they’re led to attribute their feelings of rightness or wrongness to the earlier task the regulatory fit effect will be eliminated. In addition we found that people can use the feeling of rightness and wrongness as input of stop rules, and decide whether their judgment accurate enough. Because the feeling of rightness means that things are proceeding in a nonproblematic way, allowing a person to‘coast along’in the current state, and the feeling of wrongness means that there is a problem and more thought is needed to correct it.

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