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Empirical Analysis on Our Residents’ Transfer Income and Income Gap

Author: ZhaoYunHua
Tutor: YuZhanDong
School: Liaoning University
Course: Western Economics
Keywords: Transfer income Government transfer payments People’s income gap Gina coefficient
CLC: F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 128
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the reform and opening, China has undergone enormous changes.The economy has developed continuously and highly, people’s living also has been improving, the socialist democracy has been advanced, the socialist cultural construction also has received unprecedented prosperity. However, as the progressive development in economics and society, a series of problems has accompanied, one of which is the gap of people’s income has been enlarging that is representative and receiving increasing attention.The effectiveness of development has benefited the majority, but it is unfair. The prominent problem is the constantly expanded income gap between urban and rural residents. The gap of people’s income related to livelihood issues, so it is becoming more and more important. This problem has raised awareness among scholars, ordinary people and policy-maker of government at home and abroad, that making it has been a hot academic issue.The transfer payment system of government is a poplar being adopted system in many countries, which is a tool that guarded the national stability and unity. The government fiscal transfer payment is an important source of people’s income, therefore, it is important to the gap of people’s income. So to study it will have particular significance.The research which study people’s transfer income and income gap is based on the methodology in the literature. The tool of this article have used to research the gap of people’s income are Gina coefficient, disposable income of urban resident and rural resident. At the same time, this paper also analyzes the current situation of the eastern, central, western and the northeast regions, and the whole country. Through the date and empirical analysis, paper has concluded that the gap of people’s income has been expanding. This paper has also analyzed the major sources of people’s income and the contribution rate of which played in the income disparity.This paper has six chapters. Chapter one introduces the research background, significance and the research situation at home and abroad. Chapter two has chiefly introduced the importance, definition, theoretical foundation and basic form of the fiscal transfer system. Chapter three analyzes the current situation of our fiscal transfer system. Chapter IV and Chapter V is the chief part of the paper. Chapter IV uses Gain coefficient, disposable income of urban resident and rural resident as its tool to analyze the current situation of the eastern, central, western and the northeast regions, and the whole country. Chapter V analyzes the major sources of people’s income and the contribution rate of which played in the income disparity. Chapter VI has mainly analyzed the problems of our country’s fiscal transfer system. It also makes some useful recommendations to improve people’s living standards.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods
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