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Policy Construction on Bohai Sea Environmental Governance

Author: ZhouYan
Tutor: WangShuMing
School: Ocean University of China
Course: Administration
Keywords: Bohai Sea Environmental issues Control Policy construct Ecological modernization
CLC: X321
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 154
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the rapid development of the Bohai Economic and population growth, the the Bohai marine resources and the environment have been severely compromised. The Bohai Sea ecological environment has become the constraints of economic and social development of the Bohai Sea, causing widespread concern in central and local levels of government and the community. To strengthen the protection and management of the Bohai Sea ecological environment, protect water quality and biodiversity, maintenance of the Bohai health needs of life, is to improve the Bohai regional environmental carrying capacity, construction of the needs of the new economic growth point. Protection, good governance to promote sustainable economic and social development of the Bohai Sea, the Bohai Sea has a significant and far-reaching significance. Understanding of environmental issues in Bohai, a long time there is a tendency that the Bohai Sea environmental problems as a technical problem, research on environmental issues in Bohai mostly confined to the natural sciences, social sciences for the study of environmental issues in Bohai is still far from full. With the worsening of the environment of the Bohai Sea, the Bohai environmental issues deepening more and more aware of the Bohai Sea environmental problems is not just a technical problem, in fact, it is associated with specific environmental policy and social processes, and people's behavior mode relevant. The transformation of this understanding to promote the Bohai environmental governance policy construct. Learn from the natural sciences and social science research on the basis of implementing the concept of governance from the top of the mountain to the sea, the Bohai Sea pollution traceable analyzed Bohai Sea environmental degradation caused by social roots. Building level policy, examines the Bohai environmental governance policies implemented by the government, analyzed the Bohai Blue Sea Action Plan and the effectiveness of, and governance policies of the comparison and evaluation of policy mechanisms constructed on this basis, the Bohai environmental governance : environmental stakeholders conflict and coordination mechanisms. Within the government, between the government and enterprises, government and the public, there are different degrees of environmental conflict of interest, the protection of the Bohai Sea, the power of the government departments alone is not enough, not only rely on the government's investment and guidance, but also rely on the technology innovation and social responsibility, public green philosophy and environmental action. Protect the the Bohai environment to implement sustainable development is the common responsibility and obligation of the three departments, the three to establish a good working relationship, do not seek to maximize short-term interests of their organizations, but the seek time, the overall benefits of the cumulative results The tripartite benefit, resulting in the greatest social, economic and environmental benefits. We find more Bohai governance The more pollution rooted regional development targeting fuzzy proposed Bohai Sea environmental governance policy construct the overall goal should be to achieve ecological modernization. Ecological modernization theory to achieve green ', the value of the balance between the market economy and governance, the theoretical framework is used in a wide variety of empirical research, and analysis tools for environment and development issues of the general acceptance of Western countries and Theoretical Guide. Ecological modernization in the process of understanding and interpretation of modern industrial society how to deal with the environmental crisis, and gradually become a dominant theory of the social sciences. It constructs a framework of cooperation in this framework, governments, businesses and the public should focus on the overall and long-term interests of the global environmental protection awareness of the modern ecological environment becomes a new driving force for economic growth, this theory Bohai problems facing China is applicable. Policy construction of Bohai environmental governance should be based on the concept of ecological modernization to boot, should be fully aware, to really change the Bohai Sea, an inter-administrative regions, has a unique natural and geographical characteristics of the regional marine pollution status of the unit, the government, enterprises and the public joint efforts and establish an effective regional the Hohai prevention and control of pollution and Manpower mechanism; should be based on the inter-linkages of the land and sea environment, not rigidly adhere to the boundaries of the provinces and one city of the Bohai Sea region, to seek ways of governance from a larger geographical scope; should be the implementation of the elimination of the behavior of the Bohai Sea environmental pollution and ecological destruction in the marine economy development and construction process of the implementation of the control of the whole process, from the source to solve environmental problems. Various sectors, departments, and various aspects of play the ecological modernization Zhebing sword forward to implement the principles of ecological modernization construction of Bohai environmental governance policy, summed up in one cost-effective; resource conservation; environmentally friendly; social justice; sustainable development; land and sea to co-ordinate, Hohai Tongzhi, the establishment of joint governance mechanisms.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > Administration of Environmental Protection > Environmental planning and environmental management > Regional environmental planning and management
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