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The Research of Our Country Natural Reserve Manages System and Legislation

Author: ZouXiuJun
Tutor: CuiFeng
School: Ocean University of China
Course: Environment and Resources Protection Law
Keywords: Nature Reserve Management system Capital investment Cooperation condominium Legislative proposals
CLC: X36
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 135
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Nature Reserve to protect the natural resources, the conservation of biological diversity and maintain ecological balance, the most effective way to promote the harmonious development of man and nature, is a natural protection of the highest form. The definition of the concept of nature reserves determines the scope of the Nature Reserve of a legal regulation and legal institutional arrangements, IUCN Nature Reserve is defined as \and through legal and other effective means to manage the land or sea. \Better legal protection of nature reserves most of the countries to take the broad concept of IUCN standards. The nature reserve has an important role in maintaining ecological balance, protect natural resources and the environment, natural resources such as scientific research. Management system and legal system of the Nature Reserve Nature Reserve whether the healthy development of important relationships, therefore, to change the status quo of management of nature reserves in China, we must draw on the useful experience of foreign nature reserve management model based on the combined with China's national conditions, to improve the management of nature reserves in China's legal hierarchy, change the existing management ideas to improve the existing management system, the introduction of advanced management system, strengthen supervision and enforcement of the management of nature reserves. China's conservation movement existed since ancient times, however, the development of nature reserves are mainly concentrated in after the founding of the development of nature reserves in China has experienced start-up phase, stagnation destroyed phase, recovery phase, the phase of rapid growth and rational planning five stages. Currently, the construction of nature reserves in China has made remarkable achievements. Nature Reserve area and have a number of significant growth, many nature reserves in the international community plays an important role. China nature reserve management system is a combination model of integrated management and sub-sector management. This management system to adapt to China's national conditions, but there are a lot of problems in the practical application, management structure, the administrative privileges have specific problems to be solved. Mainly in the nature reserve funding to deal with the relationship of the deficiencies and the surrounding communities. On the issue of funding, capital investment is mainly associated with the governing body of the Nature Reserve, Nature Reserve division level, government officials view of achievements and other factors, at the same time to improve the management system of our country, should also open up new investment channels, seek the assistance of international organizations, and the same time, the Government should also play a more important role. Use of resources in the surrounding community relations, in which the focus of contradictions. Cooperation forces should be added to the management system of nature reserves, implementation of cooperation condominium. According to the program of cooperation condominium, each protected area to determine the goal of the co-management cooperation, the establishment of co-management organizations, the development of community-based natural resource management plans, new ways to carry out a unique community co-management activities, community economic development. The same time, through the planning of resources, reduce the pressure on the resources of the community protected areas, to promote the work of protected areas. Although China has enacted many regulations on nature reserves. However, the legislation of the nature reserves in China is lagging behind. A Nature Reserve Ordinance, three \Either national legislation or local legislation defect has been more and can not be ignored, Therefore, the strengthening of China's nature reserves legislation, to build a nature reserve legislative system suitable for China's national conditions should be the top priority of the nature reserve construction.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > Administration of Environmental Protection > Nature Reserve plan of management
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