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The Research on Planning and Design of City Parks Combining Peacetime and Disastertime

Author: WangYan
Tutor: HuXiJun
School: Central South University of Forestry Science and Technology
Course: Ornamental Plants and Horticulture
Keywords: City park Disaster-prevention Park Combing peacetime and disaster-time Changsha Martyrs Park
CLC: TU986
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 88
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Painful lesson of the previous earthquake let us konw that cites in China has lots of inadequate in comprehensive disaster prevention system, Cities establish disaster prevention parks can reduce losses caused by natural disaster.The research study on disaster prevention cities parks is still in the preliminary study stage, and too few,perfect disaster prevention cities parks is still few,it has to study positive. Through refining domestic and international progress research, analysinig the disaster prevention cities parks at home and abroad, and field trips of disaster prevention parks in Changsha, this paper tries to find the most science-based prevention planning and design method of disaster prevention city park,procide a effective guidance in theory to city builders, who can facilitate spread the disaster planning concepts based on city parks to every corner of the city.The subject is advanced and strong practical. This paper start from theory, further research and analysis through the theory, find some problems in construction practice, then give recommendations, finally,using real case teste the theory, to achieve theory contact practice to higher level.This paper will focus on how to plan and design city park combined disaster-time and peacetime, it include the following elements:1. After comprehensive analysis domestic and international research results,this paper make a case study on three parks through lierature, internet,Google Earth and so on.The three parks are Hill Disaster Prevention Park in Japan, Continent Disaster Prevention Park in Japan and Capital Wall Of Dynasty Historic Site Park in Beijing.It think that a city park to be well-equippde shelter, first, must have adequater safe space enclosed by vegetation,water bodies and open space, the space should be flexible in disaster-time. In addition, the emergency shelter facilities should reinforce form saving space, multi-functional, easy to operate, easy to identify, enhance environmental protection and other performance aspects.2. Reference refuge field layout in cities, this paper talk about determine method of planning layout, scale, capacity and other standards of disaster prevention city park in cites.This paper advance that disaster prevention city park planning must follow the principle of combining urban master planning, the principle of full use of status quo, the principle of adaptation to local conditions, the principle of full protection of security and the principles of integrated multi-hazard prevention. In disaster time city park play the role of emergency refuge, isolation belt, anti-epidemic clinic, information and communication base, rescue base. made a specific set about all levels indicatorso of the hierarchy of disaster prevention city park.3. In detail design of, this paper discussed the design method of each part standing at combination peacetime and disaster time of the park.It consideration that disaster prevention city park design should be multi-functional, accessible, independent, easy identification, and it also explore how to make recreational facilities and emergency facilities combined, introduced advanced technologies for disaster prevention in Japan and other countries. This paper analysis how to over-all layout roads, buildings, water and so on standing at combined peacetime and disaster time, and use summary of design principles with in-depth.4. Through visits, Google Earth satellite images and other methods this paper analysis The Martyrs Park of Changsha,and investigated its emergency facilities. According to previously established principle and planning methods, this paper conclude that Martyrs Park of Changsha has a better site environmental conditions, but the shelter is still in the lower stages, then it gives some instructive corresponding planning proposal.Planning and design disaster prevention city park is a relatively new type of practical issues, this paper contains research results by means of literature, Internet research, and satellite images of geographical. But there are many shortcoming in practical design in this paper, it need more case to summarize more in-depth and complete theory.

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CLC: > Industrial Technology > Building Science > Regional planning, urban and rural planning > Garden planning and construction
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