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The Impact of Urbanization on the Employment and Research

Author: DongChunLi
Tutor: SongQiCheng
School: Chongqing University of Technology
Course: Labor Economics
Keywords: urbanization employment rate predict the level of urbanization cointegration
CLC: F299.2;F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 141
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Abstract


Urbanization is the inevitable trend of industrialization and modernization. Modern economic growth performance showed that the level of urbanization on the employment rate is a significant effection, urbanization has the effection of promoting employment. However, the level of urbanization in china is lagging behind, resulting in a low level of development of teriary industry and low employment rates. How to improve the level of city and employment, how to coordinate the interaction of them, are the world especially in developing countries need to resolve a major issues. Dual economy is the basic characteristics of china’s economic structure, to improve china’s urbanization will be the rural and urban labor force. To achieve industrialization and modernization, faceing a basic task is to large number of surplus agricultural population into non-agricultural population and urban population , the urbanization and employment in the city.Firstly, on the base of comprehensive review of the relevant documents establish a Theoretical analysis,put forward china ’s urbanization and employment about effection factors,such as economy increasing、industrial composition、employment composition、human resources and consummate employment system.Secondly,Through statistical analysis of large amounts of data., and study urbanization in china to promote employment effects, Propose the level of urbanization in china made the impact on employment factors, and used measuring methods of analysis on china’s urbanization and employment, informal employment, establishing cointegration, vector error correction models and regression equations. The results show that urbanization and employment variables cointegration between the long-term relationship, urbanization and employment and informal employment exists between the variables significant positive correlation. Therefore, china’s urbanization on employment and informal employment with the promotion of the employment effectsFinally,According to the empirical results, put forward the corresponding policy implication, hoping that these countermeasures have good feasibility and operability and can provide reference for relevant departments.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods
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