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From discretionary to automatic stabilizers - the ultimate goal of the proactive fiscal policy

Author: WeiFengChun
Tutor: WuYanMin
School: Tianjin College of Finance
Course: Finance
Keywords: Discretion Automatic stabilizers Fiscal policy
CLC: F812.0
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2000
Downloads: 211
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Market economy, the government use fiscal policy reverse the economic operation, to achieve the goal of promoting economic growth through the the screed economic cycle, is a discretionary policy orientation. The implementation of the proactive fiscal policy is the introduction of an emergency in the internal and external measures. Nineties macro-control efforts, economic contraction; gradual market-oriented in the preliminary allocation of social resources and wealth from the public to the private, the the Pareto improvement process that is the redistribution of wealth between individuals. And unfair social distribution, so that all sectors of society demand for commodities with varying degrees of fault, the monetary reform of the social security system is broken and a range of social welfare in the process of China's economic trends trough to bring the wider community of people not uncertainty increases expected - lack of domestic demand. Southeast Asian financial crisis, export-oriented economy in considerable frustration for not devaluing the renminbi hard constraints - lack of external demand. Government-led investment due to redundant construction makes the total social supply relative surplus. Government exhaustive monetary policy, introduced expansionary fiscal policy is a last resort, and hastily results can be predicted from the outset to. The government's own heavy financial pressure and the government in the implementation of the policy, then a legislator, may avoid the financial and economic crisis, avoid inflation and stagflation. So the government has adopted a compromise, tax increases and incremental simultaneously. Modern economic theory and economic operation analysis showed that cancel each other out the role of government spending to stimulate economic growth target difficult to achieve an intuitive is the subject of the fans of the \\The public choice theory suggests that the Game relationship between politicians, bureaucrats, and voters also shows that the moral hazard caused by asymmetric information makes the effects of the policy. Government alone may cause the reversion of the old system. The backfire show the lack of China in the process of gradual reform of the fiscal system design, and the negative impact of discretionary fiscal policy on the process of market-oriented, moral hazard generated inevitable. China's current economic determinants of fiscal policy must have the characteristics of long-term choice from the camera to the shift of the automatic stabilizers should be the ultimate goal of the proactive fiscal policy. The design of the system should improve the tax system and social security system, the establishment of the automatic stabilizers with Chinese characteristics. Economic fluctuations, automatically reverse the economic cycle, resource allocation, equitable distribution of the policy objectives of economic growth and stability. This paper is divided into five parts: First, the mystery of the multiplier; Second, in the context of the implementation of the policy analysis; policy failure Cause Analysis; discretionary and system defects; Fifth, the automatic stabilizers and the design of the system.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, the state's financial > China's financial > Principle of policy and its elaborate
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