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Characteristics of measure word in terms of grammar,semantic meaning and application: a discussion with relation to the foreign teaching of Chinese classifier

Author: WangJingPing
Tutor: ShaPing
School: Fujian Normal University
Course: Chinese Philology
Keywords: Quantifier Syntax and Meaning TCFL
CLC: H146.2;H195.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2001
Downloads: 2486
Quote: 17
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Abstract


The Quantifiers the applications are a feature of the Sino-Tibetan language, other languages ??Unit word, but is generally confined to the Weights and Measures, as a table of the number of things can be combined with a numeral and a noun (or verb) does not require a unit word intermediary. Sino-Tibetan language is not the case, especially in modern Chinese, the situations described above quantifiers almost can not be omitted, it is also the Chinese as a foreign language teaching student learning priorities and one of the difficulties. In this paper, using the dynamic and static, which lasted synchronic method of combining comprehensive study of Chinese Classifiers, is divided into six chapters. The classification of quantifiers generate, and lasted evolve trajectory quantifier syntax, semantics, pragmatics Features careful analysis summarized and put forward my views and opinions. The same time, from the point of view of the Chinese as a foreign language quantifiers teaching, to explore ways to expand the Chinese Classifiers teaching how to better serve the teaching Chinese as a foreign language. The first chapter discusses the Department of Chinese Classifiers class. The first section discusses the experience in the quantifiers research embryonic, innovation and development stage from the \By the quantifier as a noun class division, called \Section II specified Han linguist the quantifiers within different classifications, Chen Chengze, Li Jinxi, Wang Li, Gao Kai, Shuxiang, Zhu Dexi, Lu Jianming gentlemen at different times from the of traditional syntax point of view on the quantifier subdivision, Shuxiang quantifiers divided into two major categories of name and momentum words, the far-reaching impact of this classification. Shaojing Min, Mr. Ma Qingzhu dynamic view of modern semantics to quantifiers classification, to promote the the quantifiers study further deepen. Section 3 modern Chinese Classifiers classification. Followed Mr. Lv Shuxiang quantifier name quantifiers with momentum term view of the two categories, combined with the basic view of Guo Xianzhen, Wang Xijie, Hu attached quantifiers classification name quantifiers subdivided into individual quantifiers, collection of quantifiers, Weights and Measures quantifiers, indefinite quantifiers quasi-quantifier, temporary quantifiers six subcategories; momentum words broken down into individual the quantifiers and temporary quantifier lt; WP = 4 gt; cited a typical example of two sub-categories, elaborate description. The second chapter examines the generation and development of the Chinese Classifiers trajectory. Conclude that the Chinese name the quantifiers bud at Oracle, Jin period. Table Weights and Measures, the monetary unit of quantifiers in Oracle, bronze inscriptions in the table when the capacity of the unit is also used quantifiers; Momentum word is generated in the Qin Dynasty, which can be found in the pre-Qin classical illustration. Han Dynasty can be called the the quantifier development of transition, to thrive during the greatly increased number of names quantifier, the quantifiers themselves increasingly fine division of labor, the common quantifiers \Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties quantifiers mature period, a combination of quantifiers and numerals to be standardized, the common individual the proprietary name quantifier with momentum words, such as: bars, pills, tablets, horses, kind of, under, over and over, Fan back through the momentum words borrowed temporary has been generated, such as: the mouth, boxing, sound. Quantifier grammatical function basic and modern Chinese there is no difference. On this basis, several modern common Chinese Classifiers generated trajectory, which will TCFL has positive significance. The third chapter discusses the grammatical features of modern Chinese Classifiers. Chinese Classifiers inherently distinctive grammatical features of the series is different from other parts of speech. First, the table amount is the nature and characteristics of the quantifiers can express the individual and the collective, trace and a lot of difference. Second is the quantifier phrase Numeral Classifiers and constitute the main syntactic function as attributive, under certain circumstances, can also be subject, predicate, object, adverbial and complement; a quantifier phrase Numerals momentum words, main syntactic function as a complement, in certain circumstances, can also be adverbial, attributive, special locale, can act as a master, predicate, but can not be used as the object; combination of the numeral, momentum words and nouns in certain under the conditions of ingredients can act as a subject in the sentence. , The overlapping tables around the uniqueness argument quantifiers, quantifiers overlap in the sentence alone as subject, adverbial, predicate, sentence composition, illustrate its grammatical meaning varies with different syntactic function. Chapter IV of the study of modern Chinese Classifiers semantic features. Section 1 drawing Mr. Luo Rixin, Chen Dong, Shao Jingmin three name quantifier classification based on a dynamic view from the point of view of the semantic choice of name quantifier classification -, and unspecified and to explore the the complex matching relationship between the name quantifiers and nouns. Section II that the momentum words semantically can the four dimensions lt; WP = 5 gt; - universal quantifier, independent quantifier, with the help of quantifiers and modal quantifier. Modal quantifier strong personality, such as: Fan, pass, gas, array, times, Dayton, field trips, etc., and inspected in its relationship with the verb match. Mutual relationship exists between the Verbal and expositions. Section 3 Numeral and Quantifier close relationship between their semantic mechanism chosen to match each other. Type according to numeral semantics, and to explore the the complex matching relationship between the name quantifiers and nouns. Section II momentum words semantically four levels - a general amount of feed, independent quantifiers, with the help of quantifiers and modal quantifier. Modal quantifier strong personality, such as: Fan, pass, gas, array, times, Dayton, field, the more inspected in its relationship with the verb match, also believes that the mutual relationship between Verbal and to be addressed. Section 3 Numeral and Quantifier close relationship between their semantic mechanism chosen to match each other, according to the the numeral semantics to determine quantifier is based quantifier sequence quantifiers or base quantifier sequence quantifiers Chief class and quantifier Concurrence caused Ambiguity. Section IV outline specific quantifier distinctive semantic features - an accuracy with vagueness, ambiguity and the cross-cutting nature of the quantifier semantic differences, diversity of language style. The fifth chapter from the function of rhetoric and rhetorical effect quantifiers discussed feeding colorful Pragmatic Features. Chinese Classifiers with metaphor, analogy, Synesthesia, Zeugma, hyperbole, metonymy, repeatedly, parallelism, rhetorical function. Flexibility to use them can accurately portray the image of things. Rhetorical function, proper use of classifiers abstract things, the thoughts and feelings of the people expressed specific and vivid, showed special affection and charm. Clever use of quantifiers rhetorical function, increase language?

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