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A Study of Urban-Rural Income Gap in the View of Harmonious Society

Author: SunZheYun
Tutor: ZhangRunJun
School: Northwest Normal University
Course: The basic principles of Marxism
Keywords: Longnan city Urban-rural income gap Dual structure
CLC: F124.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 69
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Abstract


Large income gap between urban and rural areas in China’s current outstandingproblems facing the development community, academia in recent years is a concern.Excessive rural-urban income gap has become an obstacle to development, impact onsocial equity and stability, is not conducive to economic development and harmonioussociety. Of the current extent of urban-rural income gap and explore the reasons forurban-rural income gap in China’s economic and social development and harmonioussociety is of great significance.This paper,as Longnan City for the example, the use of disposable income ofurban residents and per capita net income of rural households to compare thestatistical data and analysis. Pointing out that since the reform and opening upespecially since in 1995, Longnan economy has seen rapid development, but withsignificantly higher levels of urban and rural Jumin income is accompanied by urbanand rural income gap is growing Kuo Tai Xing was trumpet. This paper analyzes theincome gap between urban and rural residents Longnan growing factors, mainly thetypical urban-rural dual structure, urban and rural household registration system has adifferent, different social security systems, different medical security system, differentlabor employment system, different financial investment regime, the price scissorsbetween industrial and agricultural products. Rural surplus labor force in the transferprocess are many and there are many problems and difficulties affecting theexpansion of channels for peasants to increase income, leading to widening incomegap between urban and rural residents another important reason. Of rural surplus laborin the blind date, spontaneous stage, the lack of effective guidance; the poor quality ofrural labor, especially unskilled in a long, thinking conservative, backward, weaksense of the market economy, transfer difficult; lagging rural labor intermediationservices; rural areas slow development of tertiary industries, jobs, low absorptivecapacity of local employment is relatively weak; employment structure; lack ofeffective protection of workers rights and interests of supervision. Paper presents the narrow urban-rural income disparity. By accelerating the pace of reform thehousehold registration system, eliminating barriers to labor mobility system, speed uprural social security system, the establishment of a unified fair and equitable system ofa new supply of public goods to promote the urban-rural dual structure, structuraltransformation to a dollar; by promoting urbanization, promote agriculturalindustrialization, speed up the construction of agricultural information to enhance thetraining of rural surplus labor force, raising labor quality, accelerate the transfer ofrural surplus labor; really do a good job of socialist new rural construction, vigorouslydevelop the rural economy, increase their income.

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CLC: > Economic > The world economic profiles,economic history,economic geography > China's economy > Economic construction and development > National income, national wealth
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